Manuscript/Mixed Material Manuscript map, probably made by a French voyageur, of Indian lands of Wisconsin, when part of Michigan Territory, annotated by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, ca. 1831.

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Title
Manuscript map, probably made by a French voyageur, of Indian lands of Wisconsin, when part of Michigan Territory, annotated by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, ca. 1831.
Created / Published
ca. 1831
Subject Headings
-  Diplomacy
-  Dakota Indians
-  France
-  Cass, Lewis (1782-1866)
-  Ethnologists
-  Explorers
-  Indians of North America
-  Itasca Lake
-  Maps
-  Michigan
-  Mississippi River
-  Ojibwa Indians
-  Schoolcraft, Henry R. (Henry Rowe) (1793-1864)
-  Manuscripts
Genre
Manuscripts
Notes
-  Reproduction number: A120 (color slide); LC-MSS-39115-7 (B&W negative)
-  This map of Wisconsin river valleys, probably made by a French voyageur, was carried by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1793-1864), the author, ethnologist, explorer, geologist, Indian agent, and superintendent of Indian affairs for Michigan, who annotated it during an expedition he made in the summer of 1831. Schoolcraft was sent by Lewis Cass (1782-1866), governor of Michigan Territory (which then included Wisconsin and part of Minnesota), to take a census of the Chippewa (Ojibwa Indians) and Dakota (Sioux Indians) settlements in the Upper Mississippi River country and try to resolve the hostilities between the two tribes. Schoolcraft added the place names of Indian villages, chiefs' names, and pertinent census figures as well as translations of some French terms and the identification of certain geographical features. The map's reverse orientation, with north at the bottom, may be due to the voyageur's approach into the region from that direction.
-  Schoolcraft planned further exploration of regions beyond those shown on this map and was especially interested in mapping the sources of the Mississippi River, but he had to abandon this goal because of low water on the upper Mississippi. Exploration was resumed the following year, however, and Schoolcraft succeeded in establishing Itasca Lake as the river's source. He published the results in his Narrative of an Expedition Through the Upper Mississippi to Itasca Lake, The Actual Source of the River; Embracing an Exploratory Trip through the St. Croix and Burntwood (or Broule) Rivers; in 1832 (New York, 1834). An account of the earlier 1831 expedition is included in this volume, and Schoolcraft's original manuscript journal is a part of his papers in the Manuscript Division.
Source Collection
Henry Rowe Schoolcraft Papers
Repository
Manuscript Division
Online Format
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Chicago citation style:

Manuscript map, probably made by a French voyageur, of Indian lands of Wisconsin, when part of Michigan Territory, annotated by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. 1831. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/mcc.087/.

APA citation style:

(1831) Manuscript map, probably made by a French voyageur, of Indian lands of Wisconsin, when part of Michigan Territory, annotated by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mcc.087/.

MLA citation style:

Manuscript map, probably made by a French voyageur, of Indian lands of Wisconsin, when part of Michigan Territory, annotated by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. 1831. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mcc.087/>.

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