Photo, Print, Drawing Mary Locher Cabin, Route 65 (Hagerstown Pike), Sharpsburg, Washington County, MD
About this Item
- Mary Locher Cabin, Route 65 (Hagerstown Pike), Sharpsburg, Washington County, MD
- Contributor Names
- Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
- Poffenberger, Alfred
- Poffenberger, George
- Buchan, Susan, field team
- Alsmeyer-Johnson, Lynn, field team
- Mook, Margaret, field team
- Architrave P.C., Architects, contractor
- Wagner, Martha, transmitter
- Graham, Marianne, delineator
- Davis, Judy, photographer
- Scott, Andrew, delineator
- Waterman, Thomas T, photographer
- Boucher, Jack E, photographer
- Price, Virginia B, transmitter
- Created / Published
- Documentation compiled after 1933
- Subject Headings
- - log cabins
- - building deterioration
- - war (Civil War)
- - medical aspects of war
- - farms
- - Maryland -- Washington County -- Sharpsburg
- - Significance: This abandoned farm dwelling is historically significant as part of a farmstead that existed before and during the Battle of Antietam, and as a surviving structure in the West Woods landscape, north of the town of Sharpsburg. The modest, multi-cell structure in its earliest form dated to around the turn of the 19th century, and was likely built for use by the acting tenant farming and family, on property held by wealthy land speculators. The siting of the log structure on a series of rocky outcroppings, inappropriate for agricultural use, and its location upon a knoll situated along an early farm lane, reflect traditional patterns of rural development in Western Maryland. Ultimately, this specific farmstead like many others in the Hagerstown Valley, were part of the innocent landscape that witnessed one of the most horrific, yet defining battles of the Civil War, the Battle of Antietam - occurring on September 17, 1862. The dwelling's proximity to the concentration of fighting at the West Woods, where the Union and Confederate armies clashed in the bloody morning phase of the battle, guaranteed the property's role as a field hospital. The farm was occupied by Confederate troops leading up to the battle, and was used as an encampment for weeks after. At this time, title to the farm property was held by Mary Locher of the locally prominent Grove Family. Mrs. Locher, an absentee owner residing in Pennsylvania, leased to a tenant farmer, Alfred Poffenberger, of a large, local farming family. It was Alfred Poffenberger, the Civil War era resident, who filed a war claim to the Federal Government for the destruction and seizure of crops. Alfred's younger step-brother, George Poffenberger, purchased the farm in the 1890s from the Locher heirs, and although he soon after built a grand residence across Hagerstown Pike, the cabin and barn remained in the family until acquired by the National Park Service for inclusion in the Antietam National Battlefield.
- - Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N689
- - Survey number: HABS MD-90
- - Building/structure dates: ca. 1800 Initial Construction
- - National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 66000038
- Photo(s): 13
- Color Transparencies: 1
- Measured Drawing(s): 5
- Photo Caption Page(s): 2
- Call Number/Physical Location
- HABS MD,22-ANTI.V,2-
- Source Collection
- Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- Control Number
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
- Online Format
- Photo(s): 13 | Color Transparencies: 1 | Measured Drawing(s): 5 | Photo Caption Page(s): 2
- Alsmeyer-Johnson, Lynn
- Architrave P.C., Architects
- Boucher, Jack E
- Buchan, Susan
- Davis, Judy
- Graham, Marianne
- Historic American Buildings Survey
- Mook, Margaret
- Poffenberger, Alfred
- Poffenberger, George
- Price, Virginia B
- Scott, Andrew
- Wagner, Martha
- Waterman, Thomas T
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- Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
- Reproduction Number: ---
- Call Number: HABS MD,22-ANTI.V,2-
- Access Advisory: ---
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Alfred Poffenberger, George Poffenberger, Susan Buchan, Lynn Alsmeyer-Johnson, Margaret Mook, Architects Architrave P.C, Marianne Graham, and Andrew Scott, Davis, Judy, Thomas T Waterman, and Jack E Boucher, photographer. Mary Locher Cabin, Route 65 Hagerstown Pike, Sharpsburg, Washington County, MD. Maryland Sharpsburg Washington County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/md0837/.
APA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Poffenberger, A., Poffenberger, G., Buchan, S., Alsmeyer-Johnson, L., Mook, M. [...] Scott, A., Davis, J., Waterman, T. T. & Boucher, J. E., photographer. (1933) Mary Locher Cabin, Route 65 Hagerstown Pike, Sharpsburg, Washington County, MD. Maryland Sharpsburg Washington County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/md0837/.
MLA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographers by Davis, Judy, Thomas T Waterman, and Jack E Boucher. Mary Locher Cabin, Route 65 Hagerstown Pike, Sharpsburg, Washington County, MD. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/md0837/>.