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Collection Manuscript/Mixed Material Carter Godwin Woodson papers,

About this Item


  • Carter Godwin Woodson papers,


  • Papers of prominent African Americans, correspondence, writings, research files, business records, and other papers relating to Woodson's leadership of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH) and to scholarship and publishing in the field of African and African-American history.
  • Part I, 1803-1936 (bulk 1830-1927), was assembled by Woodson who collected and preserved primary sources on African American history as executive director of the ASNLH and editor of its principal organ, the Journal of Negro History. Includes the papers of John T. Clark, officer of the Urban League of Pittsburgh; Whitefield McKinlay, real estate broker and collector of customs, Washington, D.C.; and Benjamin T. Tanner, bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church; and early papers of Woodson. Consists of correspondence, diaries, addresses, legal documents, newspaper clippings, and other papers concerning African American history, the Journal of Negro History, appointment of African Americans to federal office, race relations, racial discrimination, employment opportunities, state and national politics, and business matters. Also includes addresses, diaries, clippings, records of community organizations and other associations, and primary documents relating to the slavery era such as bills of sale, certificates of freedom and "free colored" ledgers.
  • Persons represented in Part I include John Edward Bruce, George Washington Carver, William Demos Crum, Frederick Douglass, Christian A. Fleetwood, Timothy Thomas Fortune, Richard Theodore Greener, Henry Cabot Lodge, John Roy Lynch, Medill McCormick, Hiram Rhoades Revels, Theodore Roosevelt, Julius Rosenwald, Emmett J. Scott, Robert Smalls, Frederick Starr, Melville Elijah Stone, Booker T. Washington, and Charles Young.
  • Part II, 1856-1974, relates chiefly to operations of the ASNLH and its publishing arm, Associated Publishers. Includes material concerning the Journal of Negro History; Negro History Bulletin; an unpublished Encyclopedia Africana, a comprehensive guide to African peoples, leaders, and luminaries in Africa, the U.S., South America, the Carribean, and worldwide; and W.E.B. Du Bois's project, Encyclopedia of the Negro, funded by the Phelps-Stokes Fund. Also includes primary documents relating to African-American life and history during the slavery, Reconstruction, and "New South" eras. Other subjects include Francis J. Grimké's personal finances and his ministry as pastor of the Fifteenth Street Presbyterian Church in Washington, D.C.; the service of the 368th Regiment during World War I; and efforts of "red caps," railroad service workers, to organize.
  • Correspondents include Horace Mann Bond, Sterling A. Brown, Wendell Phillips Dabney, Victor Daly, W.E.B. Du Bois, J. Stanley Durkee, John Hope Franklin, Edward Franklin Frazier, Edwin Bancroft Henderson, Luther Porter Jackson, Rayford Whittingham Logan, Lewis B. Moore, Jules Rosemond, Francis Butler Simkins, Arthur B. Spingarn, William Warren Sweet, Alrutheus Ambush Taylor, and Charles H. Wesley.


  • Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950.
  • Clark, John T., 1883-1949.
  • McKinlay, Whitefield, 1852-1941.
  • Tanner, Benj. T. (Benjamin Tucker), 1835-1923.


  • -  Bond, Horace Mann,--1904-1972--Correspondence
  • -  Brown, Sterling A.,--1901-1989--Correspondence
  • -  Bruce, John Edward
  • -  Carver, George Washington,--1864?-1943
  • -  Crum, William Demos,--1859-1912
  • -  Dabney, Wendell Phillips,--1865-1952--Correspondence
  • -  Daly, Victor--Correspondence
  • -  Douglass, Frederick,--1818-1895
  • -  Du Bois, W. E. B.--(William Edward Burghardt),--1868-1963
  • -  Du Bois, W. E. B.--(William Edward Burghardt),--1868-1963--Correspondence
  • -  Durkee, J. Stanley--(James Stanley),--1866-1951--Correspondence
  • -  Fleetwood, Christian A.--(Christian Abraham),--1840-1914
  • -  Fortune, Timothy Thomas,--1856-1928
  • -  Franklin, John Hope,--1915-2009--Correspondence
  • -  Frazier, E. Franklin,--1894-1962--Correspondence
  • -  Greener, Richard Theodore,--1844-1922
  • -  Grimké, Francis J.--(Francis James),--1850-1937
  • -  Henderson, Edwin Bancroft,--1883-1977--Correspondence
  • -  Jackson, Luther Porter,--1892-1950--Correspondence
  • -  Lodge, Henry Cabot,--1850-1924
  • -  Logan, Rayford Whittingham,--1897-1982--Correspondence
  • -  Lynch, John Roy,--1847-1939
  • -  McCormick, Medill,--1877-1925
  • -  Moore, Lewis B.--(Lewis Baxter),--1866---Correspondence
  • -  Revels, Hiram Rhoades,--1827?-1901
  • -  Roosevelt, Theodore,--1858-1919
  • -  Rosemond, Jules,--1874-1928--Correspondence
  • -  Rosenwald, Julius,--1862-1932
  • -  Scott, Emmett J.--(Emmett Jay),--1873-1957
  • -  Simkins, Francis Butler,--1897-1966--Correspondence
  • -  Smalls, Robert,--1839-1915
  • -  Spingarn, Arthur B.--(Arthur Barnett),--1878-1971--Correspondence
  • -  Starr, Frederick,--1858-1933
  • -  Stone, Melville Elijah,--1848-1929
  • -  Sweet, William Warren,--1881-1959--Correspondence
  • -  Taylor, Alrutheus Ambush--Correspondence
  • -  Washington, Booker T.,--1856-1915
  • -  Wesley, Charles H.--(Charles Harris),--1891-1987--Correspondence
  • -  Young, Charles,--1864-1922
  • -  United States.--Army.--Regiment, 368th
  • -  African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • -  Associated Publishers
  • -  Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, inc
  • -  Fifteenth Street Presbyterian Church (Washington, D.C.)
  • -  Phelps-Stokes Fund
  • -  Urban League of Pittsburgh
  • -  Encyclopedia of the Negro
  • -  Journal of Negro history
  • -  Negro history bulletin
  • -  African American periodicals
  • -  African Americans
  • -  African Americans--Employment
  • -  African Americans--History
  • -  African Americans--Study and teaching
  • -  Black race--Encyclopedias
  • -  Black people
  • -  Black people--Africa
  • -  Black people--Caribbean Area
  • -  Black people--South America
  • -  Customs administration--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Ports of entry--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Race discrimination
  • -  Race relations
  • -  Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
  • -  Railroads--Employees--Labor unions
  • -  Real estate business--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Slavery--United States
  • -  State governments--United States
  • -  World War, 1914-1918
  • -  Africa--History
  • -  Southern States--History--1865-1877
  • -  United States--History--1865-1898
  • -  United States--Officials and employees
  • -  United States--Politics and government
  • -  United States--Politics and government--1865-1900
  • -  United States--Politics and government--1901-1953


  • -  Arranged in two parts composed of twenty-three series.
  • -  Part I is arranged in seven series. Series 1: Whitefield McKinlay Papers, 1848-1913; Series 2: Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1916-1927; Series 3: Benj. T. Tanner Papers, 1827-1972; Series 4: John T. Clark Papers, 1921-1923; Series 5: Additional Manuscripts, 1807-1935; Series 6: Miscellany, 1803-1936; and Series 7: Oversize, 1803-1931.
  • -  Part II is arranged in sixteen series. Series 1: Personal Papers, 1911-1950; Series 2: Correspondence, 1912-1950; Series 3: Clippings, 1925-1934; Series 4: Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1915-1955; Series 5: Manuscripts on African and African American History, 1866-1957; Series 6: Encyclopedia Africana, 1931-1949; Series 7: Research Notes and Data; Series 8: Printed Matter, 1869-1969; Series 9: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Publications, 1736-1928; Series 10: Subject File, 1855-1953; Series 11: Francis J. Grimké Estate, 1878-1951; Series 12: Business Documents, 1916-1951; Series 13: Formerly Oversize, 1887-1948; Series 14: Miscellany, 1868-1957; Series 15: Oversize Miscellany, 1911-1918; and Series 16: Oversize Ledgers and Account Books, 1915-1974
  • -  Microfilm edition no. 22,256. Portion of Part II (containers 1-38 and OV 2-15) available; cataloged in record LCCN 99016370 : Papers of Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History.
  • -  Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Container or reel number and roman numeral designating the Part, Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • -  Microfilm edition of containers 1-4, Whitefield McKinlay papers, available, no. 16,462.
  • -  Microfilm edition of part I available, no. 17,071.
  • -  Microfilm produced from originals in the Manuscript Division. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, 1975-1977.
  • -  Gift, Carter Godwin Woodson, 1929-1938.
  • -  Purchase, 2003.
  • -  Some maps transferred to Library of Congress Geography and Map Division.
  • -  Microfilm 22,256 reproducing a portion of the collection. Titled Papers of Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1915-1950 (published by University Publications of America, 1999) : see LCCN 99016370. Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
  • -  Historian, author, and collector.
  • -  Collection material in English.
  • -  Finding aid available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room and at
  • -  Part I of the papers of Carter Godwin Woodson was processed in 1968 and revised in 1968 and 1976. This portion of this collection was formerly titled Carter G. Woodson collection of Negro papers and related documents, 1803-1936 (bulk 1830-1927).


  • 18,000 items.
  • 54 containers plus 19 oversize.
  • 12 microfilm reels.
  • 21.2 linear feet.


Library of Congress Control Number

  • mm76046342

Access Advisory

  • Open to research.
  • Restrictions may apply to unprocessed material.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Woodson, Carter Godwin, John T Clark, Whitefield McKinlay, and Benj. T Tanner. Carter Godwin Woodson papers.

APA citation style:

Woodson, C. G., Clark, J. T., McKinlay, W. & Tanner, B. T. Carter Godwin Woodson papers.

MLA citation style:

Woodson, Carter Godwin, et al. Carter Godwin Woodson papers.