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Collection Manuscript/Mixed Material National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records, NAACP records

About this Item

Title

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records,

Other Title

  • NAACP records

Summary

  • Correspondence, memoranda, minutes, constitutions, bylaws, charters, speeches, testimony, writings, reports, scripts, policy statements, notes, legal case files, resolutions, legislation, questionnaires, surveys, lists, annual convention files, itineraries, contracts, proposals, publicity files, financial records, biographical material, subject files, publications, manuals, handbooks, printed matter, songs, awards, certificates, directories, daily mail sheets, certificates, awards, flags, photographs, maps, and other records. Material in digital format includes databases, software, radio programs, and videos.
  • Each of the ten parts contains Board of Directors files, annual convention files, general office files, branch files, and legal case files. The general office files include papers of executive secretaries and directors including James Weldon Johnson from 1920 to 1931, Walter Francis White from 1931 to 1955, Roy Wilkins from 1955 to 1977, and Benjamin L. Hooks from 1977 to 1993.
  • Part I (1909-1940; bulk 1919-1939) includes material relating to the founding and organizational development of the Association (NAACP), racial discrimination and segregation, violence against African Americans, race riots, antilynching legislation, Jim Crow laws, the association's first legal cases, the Scottsboro trial, equal treatment of African Americans before the courts, voting rights, education, labor unions, African American soldiers in World War I, interracial marriages, Haiti, peonage, the film Birth of a Nation, the nomination of John Johnston Parker to the U.S. Supreme Court, William E. Borah's presidential candidacy, and the re-emergence of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • Part II (1910-1955; bulk 1940-1955) includes material on civil rights, discrimination and desegregation in the armed forces, veterans' programs, employment, healthcare, housing, transportation, and education including Brown v. Board of Education. Also includes material on antilynching legislation, voting rights, racial stereotyping in film, television, and radio, wartime riots, legal cases including Brown v. Board of Education, segregation during World Wars I & II, police brutality, labor unions, and labor conditions.
  • Part III (1909-1965; bulk 1956-1965) includes such topics as civil rights; desegregation of schools; equal access to employment, healthcare, housing, and transportation; voting rights; sit-ins; the fundraising telethon entitled "Freedom Television Spectacular;" March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom; Freedom Riders; the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party; and the murder of Mississippi field secretary Medgar Wiley Evers in 1964. Documents relations between the NAACP and other civil rights organizations including the Congress of Racial Equality, Southern Christion Leadership Conference, and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
  • Part IV (1965-1975; bulk 1966-1973) documents the broadening of the NAACP's strategy to include the creation of community-based programs. Includes material relating to housing, labor, relief, education, voting rights, civil rights, Africa, the Black Power movement, federal and state agencies and programs, urban riots, Vietnam, the U.S. Supreme Court nomination of Clement F. Haynsworth, Adam Clayton Powell's expulsion from the U.S. House of Representatives, the slaying of Martin Luther King Jr., and relations with other civil rights organizations.
  • Part V (1842-1982; bulk 1956-1982) includes records of the NAACP's legal department relating to cases involving discrimination in housing and employment, civil rights, school desegregation, police brutality, the armed forces, voting rights, reverse discrimination, and the disparate sentencing of African Americans.
  • Part VI (1884-1992; bulk 1967-1978) includes material on the NAACP Image Awards, ghettos, riots, discrimination, housing programs, voter registration campaigns, television, the U.S. Supreme Court nominations of Clement F. Haynsworth Jr., and G. Harrold Carswell, and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People v. Claiborne Hardware Co.
  • Part VII (1964-1995; bulk 1965-1995) consists of records generated by the Gilbert Jonas Company, a public relations firm that for thirty years contracted to raise funds for the NAACP through direct mail campaigns and other means.
  • Part VIII (1867-1999; bulk 1978-1991) documents leadership conferences including the NAACP Leadership Summit Conference, Chicago, Ill., 1978, the Black Leadership Meeting, New York, New York, 1980, the NAACP Emergency Summit, Washington, D.C., 1985, and the NAACP Conference on the Present Crisis, Washington, D.C., 1989. Topics include the NAACP National Conference on Energy, Washington, D.C., 1977, minority economic opportunity, affirmative action, African American relations with Jews, busing, criminal justice, Jesse Jackson's presidential candidacy, U.S. Supreme Court nominations of Robert H. Bork and Clarence Thomas, tobacco industry, urban ghettos, and relocation of NAACP headquarters to Baltimore, Maryland. Early material includes papers of Walter Francis White.
  • Part IX (1914-1993; bulk 1950-1991) documents the efforts of the NAACP's Washington Bureau to influence civil rights legislation and monitor enforcement of the laws by federal agencies. Includes material reflecting the directorships of Clarence M. Mitchell Jr., 1950-1978, and Althea T.L. Simmons, 1979-1990.
  • Part X (1911-2019; bulk 1960-2010) focuses on activities at the branch level, especially in Mississippi and other southern states from Region V. Subjects include the Jackson Movement and the work of Medgar Wiley Evers, Charles Evers, and Ruby Hurley. Also documents programs addressing economic reciprocity for African Americans, health and wellness issues, education initiatives, and energy policy. Files from the 1990s document the renewed focus on voter empowerment, police brutality, and the environmental justice; the controversies surrounding the transition from executive director Benjamin L. Hooks to Ben Chavis and during Chavis's tenure; the organization's financial crisis; and the termination of its contract with the Gilbert Jonas Company and subsequent fundraising. Includes material concerning the NAACP centennial celebration in 2009. Individuals represented include Dennis Courtland Hayes, Herbert Hill, John J. Johnson, Clarence M. Mitchell Jr., William Penn Sr., Mildred Bond Roxborough, Earl T. Shinhoster, Althea T.L. Simmons, and Samuel D. Wright.

Names

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  • Gilbert Jonas Company
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Washington Bureau

Headings

  • -  Borah, William Edgar,--1865-1940
  • -  Bork, Robert H
  • -  Brown, Oliver,--1918-1961--Trials, litigation, etc
  • -  Carswell, G. Harrold--(George Harrold),--1919
  • -  Chavis, Ben,--1948
  • -  Evers, Charles,--1922-2020
  • -  Evers, Medgar Wiley,--1925-1963
  • -  Griffith, D. W.--(David Wark),--1875-1948.--Birth of a nation--(1915)
  • -  Hayes, Dennis Courtland,--1951
  • -  Haynsworth, Clement F.--(Clement Furman),--Jr.,--1912-1989
  • -  Hill, Herbert,--1924-2004
  • -  Hooks, Benjamin L.--(Benjamin Lawson),--1925-2010
  • -  Hurley, Ruby
  • -  Jackson, Jesse,--1941
  • -  Johnson, James Weldon,--1871-1938
  • -  Johnson, John J.,--1945
  • -  King, Martin Luther,--Jr.,--1929-1968
  • -  Mitchell, Clarence M.--(Clarence Maurice),--Jr.,--1911-1984
  • -  Parker, John Johnston,--1885-1958
  • -  Penn, William,--Sr
  • -  Powell, Adam Clayton,--1908-1972
  • -  Roxborough, Mildred Bond,--1926
  • -  Shinhoster, Earl T.--(Earl Theodore),--1950-2000
  • -  Simmons, Althea T. L.,--1924-1990
  • -  Thomas, Clarence,--1948
  • -  White, Walter,--1893-1955
  • -  Wilkins, Roy,--1901-1981
  • -  Wright, Samuel D.,--1925-1992
  • -  Topeka (Kan.).--Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc
  • -  United States.--Congress.--House
  • -  United States.--Supreme Court
  • -  United States.--Supreme Court--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment
  • -  Claiborne Hardware Co.--Trials, litigation, etc
  • -  Congress of Racial Equality
  • -  Jackson Movement
  • -  Ku Klux Klan (1915- )
  • -  Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
  • -  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People--Awards
  • -  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People--Centennial celebrations, etc
  • -  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People--Trials, litigation, etc
  • -  Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • -  Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
  • -  Black Leadership Meeting--(1980 :--New York, N.Y.)
  • -  NAACP Conference on the Present Crisis--(1989 :--Washington, D.C.)
  • -  NAACP Emergency Summit--(1985 :--Washington, D.C.)
  • -  NAACP Leadership Summit Conference--(1978 :--Chicago, Ill.)
  • -  NAACP National Conference on Energy--(1977 :--Washington, D.C.)
  • -  Birth of a nation (Motion picture)
  • -  Crisis (New York, N.Y.)
  • -  Actions and defenses--Mississippi
  • -  Affirmative action programs--United States
  • -  African American veterans
  • -  African Americans
  • -  African Americans--Charities
  • -  African Americans--Civil rights
  • -  African Americans--Crimes against
  • -  African Americans--Economic conditions
  • -  African Americans--Education
  • -  African Americans--Employment
  • -  African Americans--Government policy
  • -  African Americans--Health and hygiene
  • -  African Americans--Housing
  • -  African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc
  • -  African Americans--Medical care
  • -  African Americans--Periodicals
  • -  African Americans--Relations with Jews
  • -  African Americans--Segregation
  • -  African Americans--Social conditions
  • -  African Americans--Societies, etc
  • -  African Americans--Suffrage
  • -  African Americans in mass media
  • -  African Americans in motion pictures
  • -  African Americans in radio broadcasting
  • -  African Americans in television broadcasting
  • -  Anti-racism--United States
  • -  Black power--United States
  • -  Busing for school integration
  • -  Civil rights--United States
  • -  Civil rights demonstrations--United States
  • -  Civil rights demonstrations--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Civil rights movements--Maryland--Baltimore
  • -  Civil rights movements--United States
  • -  Civil rights workers--United States
  • -  Community-based family services
  • -  Criminal justice, Administration of--United States
  • -  Discrimination--Law and legislation--United States
  • -  Discrimination--United States
  • -  Discrimination in criminal justice administration--United States
  • -  Discrimination in education--United States
  • -  Discrimination in employment--United States
  • -  Discrimination in housing--United States
  • -  Energy policy--United States
  • -  Environmental justice--United States
  • -  Equality--United States
  • -  Equality before the law--United States
  • -  Fund raising--United States
  • -  Industrial mobilization--United States
  • -  Inner cities--United States
  • -  Interracial marriage--United States
  • -  Labor--United States
  • -  Labor unions--United States
  • -  Lynching--Law and legislation--United States
  • -  Lynching--United States
  • -  March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom--(1963 :--Washington, D.C.)
  • -  Mass media and race relations--United States
  • -  Peonage--United States
  • -  Police brutality--United States
  • -  Presidents--United States--Election
  • -  Public housing--United States
  • -  Public welfare--United States
  • -  Race discrimination--Law and legislation--United States
  • -  Race discrimination--United States
  • -  Race relations
  • -  Racism
  • -  Reverse discrimination--United States
  • -  Riots--United States
  • -  School integration--United States
  • -  Scottsboro Trial, Scottsboro, Ala., 1931
  • -  Segregation--Law and legislation--United States
  • -  Segregation--United States
  • -  Segregation in education--United States
  • -  Segregation in transportation--United States
  • -  Sentences (Criminal procedure)--United States
  • -  Social service--United States
  • -  Suffrage--United States
  • -  Tobacco industry--United States
  • -  Vietnam War, 1961-1975
  • -  Voter registration--United States
  • -  World War, 1914-1918--African Americans
  • -  World War, 1939-1945--African Americans
  • -  World War, 1914-1918--Participation, African American
  • -  World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African American
  • -  Africa
  • -  Detroit (Mich.)--History
  • -  Haiti
  • -  United States--Armed Forces--African Americans
  • -  United States--Politics and government--20th century
  • -  United States--Race relations
  • -  United States--Social conditions--20th century
  • -  Vietnam

Notes

  • -  Arranged in ten parts with series such as Administrative, Armed Services and Veterans Affairs, Branch (later Department), The Crisis (publication), Education, Fundraising, Housing, Labor, Training, General Office, Legal, Washington Bureau, and Youth. Other series include Financial, Oversize, Scrapbooks, and Miscellany.
  • -  Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Roman numeral designating the Part followed by a colon and a container, reel, or digital ID number, Records of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • -  Selected documents from the NAACP Records available on the Library of Congress website at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms008007.001
  • -  NAACP Records at the Library of Congress available, in part, onsite at the Library of Congress or offsite with a subscription to ProQuest through the ProQuest History Vault website at https://hv.proquest.com/historyvault/hv.jsp?pageid=browse&action=module External
  • -  Microfilm edition of minutes, 1909-1959, available, no. 15,661 (negative no. 13,301).
  • -  Microfilm edition of container G15 available, no. 16,090.
  • -  Microfilm edition of selected bulletins, 1916-1949, available, no. 16,302 and no. 19,141.
  • -  Microfilm edition of containers C62-112 available, no. 16,486.
  • -  Microfilm edition of containers B13-B15, B19, & B20 available, no. 20,165.
  • -  Microfilm produced from originals in Manuscript Division. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, 1965-1990.
  • -  Gift, NAACP, 1964-2023.
  • -  Other gift and transfer, 1974-2019.
  • -  Some audio and video recordings transferred to Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division.
  • -  Some books transferred to Library of Congress Rare Book and Special Collections Division.
  • -  Some maps transferred to Library of Congress Geography and Map Division.
  • -  Some newsletters, newspapers, and other periodicals transferred to Library of Congress Serials and Government Publications Division.
  • -  Some photographs, broadsides, and posters transferred to Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
  • -  Some sheet music transferred to Library of Congress Music Division.
  • -  Related collection: NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund records. Available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
  • -  Related collection: Herbert Hill papers. Available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
  • -  Related collection: Arthur B. Spingarn papers. Available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
  • -  Related collection: Roy Wilkins papers. Available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
  • -  Civil rights organization.
  • -  Collection material in English.
  • -  Finding aid available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room and at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms008007
  • -  LibGuide for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Records in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division available online at https://guides.loc.gov/naacp

Medium

  • 3,827,000 items.
  • 7,300 digital files (136.62 GB)
  • 10,969 containers plus 1 classified and 53 oversize.
  • 43 microfilm reels.
  • 4,855 linear feet.

Repository

  • Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA dcu http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/mss.home

Library of Congress Control Number

  • mm78034140

Access Advisory

  • Access and other restrictions apply. Contact the Manuscript Reading Room for further information.
  • Classified, in part.
  • Digital files require advance notice for retrieval. Request in Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room.

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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People, Gilbert Jonas Company, and National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People. Washington Bureau. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://lccn.loc.gov/mm78034140.

APA citation style:

National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People, Gilbert Jonas Company & National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People. Washington Bureau. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://lccn.loc.gov/mm78034140.

MLA citation style:

National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People, Gilbert Jonas Company, and National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People. Washington Bureau. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <lccn.loc.gov/mm78034140>.