Photo, Print, Drawing To Sinai via the desert. Well at el-Buweib.

[ digital file from original photo ]

About this Item

Title
To Sinai via the desert. Well at el-Buweib.
Contributor Names
American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Dept., photographer
Created / Published
[approximately 1900 to 1920]
Subject Headings
-  Egypt--Sinai.
-  Egypt--Sinai
Format Headings
Dry plate negatives.
Stereographs.
Notes
-  Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?].
-  Caption on negative: Well at el-Buweib.
-  Date from Matson LOT cards.
-  Photograph taken from Wadi El Sheikh side of El Buwyb, looking northwest and showing the natural gate to Wadi Feiran (Biblical Rephidim) in the foreground, El 'Alw area on the opposite side of the natural gate, and Gebel Goz in far horizon, from a 5.5km distance. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  The sediments of Paleo-lakes (old stone age desert lakes) are located at Tarfat El Qidarein and El 'Alw areas in Wadi El Sheikh and Wadi Feiran (Biblical Rephidim) respectively. Wadi El Sheikh section from Watiya Pass (Muk'ad Musa or Moses Seat) in the east to El Buwyb in the west, in addition to El 'Alw area in Wadi Feiran to the west, are dotted by prehistoric sites from Upper Paleolithic (33,805-29,580 BCE) to Early Bronze Age (3150-2950 BCE) and later periods. Camels replaced feral donkeys in transportation in 2nd millennium BCE, though domesticated donkeys are still used in the High Mountains of Sinai Peninsula. Wadi El Sheikh and Wadi Feiran were the upland section of Darb El Batraa in Sinai Peninsula (Way of Petra or Exdous Traditional Route). Gebel Serbal towers Feiran Oasis to the south. The oasis was also known Palm Grove of B'aal and thought to be the true location of Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai) in 3rd century CE. Both wadis had been the way to Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai) and Saint Catherine Monastery for pilgrims, travellers and scholars since 4th century CE. Sawalha (14th century CE) and other tribes inhabit the vicinity. The dirt-road to Saint Catherine Monastery via Wadi Feiran and Wadi El Sheikh was constructed in 1920s CE. Motor vehicles started replacing camels in Sinai Peninsula in the 1920s and 1930s CE. Though camels were still widely used through mid 20th century CE and until 1967-1982 CE, especially in remote areas until nowadays. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
Medium
1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
LC-M32- 1554 [P&P]
Source Collection
G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Digital Id
matpc 01974 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.01974
Control Number
mpc2004004293/PP
Reproduction Number
LC-DIG-matpc-01974 (digital file from original photo)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Online Format
image
Description
1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.

Rights & Access

Rights assessment is your responsibility.

The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material.

Ultimately, it is the researcher's obligation to assess copyright or other use restrictions and obtain permission from third parties when necessary before publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections.

For information about reproducing, publishing, and citing material from this collection, as well as access to the original items, see: G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection - Rights and Restrictions Information

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
  • Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-matpc-01974 (digital file from original photo)
  • Call Number: LC-M32- 1554 [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

Obtaining Copies

If an image is displaying, you can download it yourself. (Some images display only as thumbnails outside the Library of Congress because of rights considerations, but you have access to larger size images on site.)

Alternatively, you can purchase copies of various types through Library of Congress Duplication Services.

  1. If a digital image is displaying: The qualities of the digital image partially depend on whether it was made from the original or an intermediate such as a copy negative or transparency. If the Reproduction Number field above includes a reproduction number that starts with LC-DIG..., then there is a digital image that was made directly from the original and is of sufficient resolution for most publication purposes.
  2. If there is information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can use the reproduction number to purchase a copy from Duplication Services. It will be made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number.

    If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

  3. If there is no information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can generally purchase a quality copy through Duplication Services. Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

Price lists, contact information, and order forms are available on the Duplication Services Web site.

Access to Originals

Please use the following steps to determine whether you need to fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room to view the original item(s). In some cases, a surrogate (substitute image) is available, often in the form of a digital image, a copy print, or microfilm.

  1. Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)

    • Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
      As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
    • No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
  2. Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?

    • Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
    • No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
  3. If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room. In many cases, the originals can be served in a few minutes. Other materials require appointments for later the same day or in the future. Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.

To contact Reference staff in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room, please use our Ask A Librarian service or call the reading room between 8:30 and 5:00 at 202-707-6394, and Press 3.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the desert. Well at el-Buweib. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004293/PP/.

APA citation style:

American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. (1900) To Sinai via the desert. Well at el-Buweib. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004293/PP/.

MLA citation style:

American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the desert. Well at el-Buweib. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004293/PP/>.