Photo, Print, Drawing To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Tor from the Bay.
About this Item
- To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Tor from the Bay.
- Contributor Names
- American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Dept., photographer
- Created / Published
- [approximately 1900 to 1920]
- Subject Headings
- - Egypt--Sinai.
- - Egypt--Sinai
- Format Headings
- Dry plate negatives.
- - Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?].
- - Photograph taken from the Gulf of Suez opposite to Sinai's western coast, looking northeast and showing the square-shape summit of Gebel Serbal Umm Takha and the vicinity of Wadi Wirqa in front of it to the right, Gebel Gamra and crown-shape summit of Gebel Serbal (behind it in the far horizon) from right to centre-right from a 50km plus distance and the vicinity of Wadi Sigilliya in-between, the V-shape pass between Wadi Giba' and Wadi Ajeleh and the pyramid-shape mountain of Gebel Goz in centre-right to the right of the sail, Gebel Abura in the centre to the left of the sail, the mountain range of Gebel Hammam Musa, Gebel Abu Suweira and Gebel Naqus from centre-left to left, the public and residential buildings at El Kilani area in El Tur on the coastal plain in the foreground from right to the centre, and El Qa'a Plain between the mountains and the coast. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018).
- - The vicinity of El Tur acted as a natural anchorage throughout the Peninsula's history. As a result, the coastal plain is dotted with dozens of sites which date back to Neolithic period at U'grat Suleiman (late 5th millennium BCE) and ancient Egyptian ruins at El Krum (Amenhotep III, 1,390-1,353 BCE), in addition to: Roman-Byzantine settlement at El Kilani (30 BCE-7th century CE) (?), four Byzantine monastic complexes at Ras and Bir Abu Suweira (4th century CE), Byzantine and Medieval monastic buildings and 16 burials with 48 human remains in the vicinity of and at Bir Yihia (6th-12th centuries CE), Byzantine ruins at Ras Ra'iya (4th-7th centuries CE), Ottoman fortress at Ras Ra'iya (Selim I, 1517-20 to 1800s CE), Ibrahim Pasha bath building at Hammam Musa hot spring (Turya, 19th century CE), Al Hagig Quarantine for Mecca pilgrims at El Krum close to Bir Murad (1858 CE), and public buildings and residential quarter (19th century CE), the Greek Orthodox Church of Saint George (1875 CE) and the school of Saint Catherine Monastery (1897 CE) at El Kilani area. The inhabitants of El Tur belong to "El-Tawara Tribal Alliance" in South Sinai between the following tribes: Mezena, 'Aliqat, Hamada and Bani Wasel, Awlad Sa'aed, Qrarsha and Sawalha, and Gebaliya, in addition to Mawtra tribe. Bedouin shrines are scattered along the coastal plain: Batan, El Hrezy El Mawtry and Ibn 'Aqili El 'Aliqaty. Historically, Sinai's Bedouin culture has links to Sufism. The land is dotted with shrines - there are 85 mapped religious shrines across the Peninsula, in addition to many other unmapped ones - used by different Bedouin tribes as annual meeting places. This part of Bedouin culture connects members of the same tribe and different tribes together. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
- - Caption on negative: Tor from the Bay.
- - Date from Matson LOT cards.
- - Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
- 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
- Call Number/Physical Location
- LC-M32- 1560 [P&P]
- Source Collection
- G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
- Digital Id
- matpc 01977 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.01977
- Control Number
- Reproduction Number
- LC-DIG-matpc-01977 (digital file from original photo)
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on publication.
- Online Format
- 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
Rights assessment is your responsibility.
The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material.
Ultimately, it is the researcher's obligation to assess copyright or other use restrictions and obtain permission from third parties when necessary before publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections.
For information about reproducing, publishing, and citing material from this collection, as well as access to the original items, see: G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection - Rights and Restrictions Information
- Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
- Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-matpc-01977 (digital file from original photo)
- Call Number: LC-M32- 1560 [P&P]
- Access Advisory: ---
If an image is displaying, you can download it yourself. (Some images display only as thumbnails outside the Library of Congress because of rights considerations, but you have access to larger size images on site.)
Alternatively, you can purchase copies of various types through Library of Congress Duplication Services.
- If a digital image is displaying: The qualities of the digital image partially depend on whether it was made from the original or an intermediate such as a copy negative or transparency. If the Reproduction Number field above includes a reproduction number that starts with LC-DIG..., then there is a digital image that was made directly from the original and is of sufficient resolution for most publication purposes.
If there is information listed in the Reproduction Number field above:
You can use the reproduction number to purchase a copy from Duplication Services. It will be
made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number.
If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.
- If there is no information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can generally purchase a quality copy through Duplication Services. Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.
Price lists, contact information, and order forms are available on the Duplication Services Web site.
Access to Originals
Please use the following steps to determine whether you need to fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room to view the original item(s). In some cases, a surrogate (substitute image) is available, often in the form of a digital image, a copy print, or microfilm.
Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)
Yes, the item is digitized.
Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be
viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some
cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of
Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights
As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
- No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
- Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?
- Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
- No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
- If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room. In many cases, the originals can be served in a few minutes. Other materials require appointments for later the same day or in the future. Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.
To contact Reference staff in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room, please use our Ask A Librarian service or call the reading room between 8:30 and 5:00 at 202-707-6394, and Press 3.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Tor from the Bay. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004296/PP/.
APA citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. (1900) To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Tor from the Bay. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004296/PP/.
MLA citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Tor from the Bay. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004296/PP/>.