Photo, Print, Drawing To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Looking north from Jebel Mousa.
About this Item
- To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Looking north from Jebel Mousa.
- Contributor Names
- American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Dept., photographer
- Created / Published
- [approximately 1900 to 1920]
- Subject Headings
- - Egypt--Sinai.
- - Egypt--Sinai
- Format Headings
- Dry plate negatives.
- - Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?].
- - Photograph taken from the summit of Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai or Gebel Musa), looking north and showing the vicinity of Wadi El Dier (Biblical Holy Valley) and the mountain range of Gebel 'Arribeh and Gebel El Dier (Selib-Baraka) in the foreground from right to centre-right, the vicinity of Wadi El Sheikh behind the mountain range, Gebel Huzmeh, the three summits of Gebel Abu Zeituna and in-between the vicinity of Wadi Abu Zeituna from right to centre-right in the background, the pointed crescent-shape summit and mountain basin (Farsh) of Gebel Sana' in the centre, the western mountain slopes of Gebel Sana' and the vicinity of El Raha Plain to the left, and the round-shape summit of Gebel Banat and the pointed summits of Gebel Zebb Rubi' behind the previous in the horizon, the round-shape summit of Gebel Armaziya in the centre on the same mountain mass of the photographer and part of the plateau in the foreground between the round-shape summit of Biblical Mount Horeb and Mount Sinai. The El Tih Plateau (the Plateau of the Wandering) in central Sinai blocks the far horizon, from a 75km distance. (Ras Sefsafa or Gebel Monacha) (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
- - Byzantine monastic structures are scattered across the plateau of Biblical Mount Horeb and Mount Sinai, including ruined buildings (dwellings), hermit cells, prayer niches, rock-paved paths, rock inscriptions and agricultural plots (water dams, reservoirs & cisterns, conduits and retaining walls) (4th-7th centuries CE). Medieval mountain chapels were built on the plateau between 9th and 10th centuries CE, including the chapels of Our Lady of the Storehouse (The Virgin Mary, Oikonimissa or Bursar), prophet Elijah (Grotto of Elias), St. Panteleimon, St. Anne (Banaya or El Madsusa) and St. John, while the chapels of St. Stephen, St. Marina the Virgin, St. Gregory and The Holy Girdle of Virgin Mary (El Sefsafa) were re/built in 18th-19th centuries CE, other than the ruined Byzantine chapels. An estimated population of 100 to 150 Nubian Ibexes dwelled in the High Mountains of Sinai Peninsula in 1970s CE and still frequently observed on the plateau in late 20th-early 21st centuries CE (wild animals in the vicinity: hyena 'uplands', wolf, fox, leopard 'extirpated', cat fleas, hyrax, hare, hedgehog, Egyptian spiny mouse, bat and feral donkeys). (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
- - Caption on negative: Looking north from Jebel Mousa.
- - Date from Matson LOT cards.
- - Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
- 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
- Call Number/Physical Location
- LC-M32- 1679 [P&P]
- Source Collection
- G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
- Digital Id
- matpc 02082 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.02082
- Control Number
- Reproduction Number
- LC-DIG-matpc-02082 (digital file from original photo)
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on publication.
- Online Format
- 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
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- Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-matpc-02082 (digital file from original photo)
- Call Number: LC-M32- 1679 [P&P]
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Looking north from Jebel Mousa. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004400/PP/.
APA citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. (1900) To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Looking north from Jebel Mousa. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004400/PP/.
MLA citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Looking north from Jebel Mousa. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004400/PP/>.