Photo, Print, Drawing To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Wild melee of mountains, seen from Jebel Mousa.

[ digital file from original photo ]

About this Item

Title
To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Wild melee of mountains, seen from Jebel Mousa.
Contributor Names
American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Dept., photographer
Created / Published
[approximately 1900 to 1920]
Subject Headings
-  Egypt--Sinai.
-  Egypt--Sinai
Format Headings
Dry plate negatives.
Stereographs.
Notes
-  Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?].
-  Photograph taken from the summit of Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai or Gebel Musa), looking north and showing the vicinity of Wadi El Dier (Biblical Holy Valley) and the mountain range of Gebel 'Arribeh and Gebel El Dier (Selib-Baraka) from right to centre-right, the vicinity of Wadi El Sheikh behind the mountain range, Gebel Huzmeh, the three summits of Gebel Abu Zeituna and in-between the vicinity of Wadi Abu Zeituna from right to centre-right in the background, the pointed crescent-shape summit and mountain basin (Farsh) of Gebel Sana' in centre-left, the western mountain slopes of Gebel Sana' and the vicinity of El Raha Plain to the left in the background, the round-shape summit of Gebel Armaziya to the left on the same mountain mass of the photographer, and the orchard and chapel of Elijah (Grotto of Elias) in the mountain basin and the inlet of Wadi El Sefsafa (willow tree) below the summit in the foreground. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  Prophet Elijah spent 40 days and nights in a cave on Mount Horeb according to the biblical tradition. The chapel of Elijah was built at the site of the cave (Grotto of Elias) in 9th-10th centuries CE. Siqqat Sydina Musa is recognised as the traditional naqb followed by prophet Moses to the summit of Biblical Mount Sinai. The monks paved the path using 3,750 rock steps from Saint Catherine Monastery to the summit in 4th-7th centuries CE, in addition to mountain chapels and Byzantine monastic structures scattered across the valley and on the plateau of Biblical Mount Horeb and Mount Sinai along Wadi El Sefsafa, including ruined buildings (dwellings), hermit cells, prayer niches, rock-paved paths, rock inscriptions and agricultural plots (water dams, reservoirs & cisterns, conduits and retaining walls). The Byzantine monks, pilgrims and travellers (and later tourists) passed through Farsh Elijah (Elias) in the footsteps of Moses to the summit of Mount Sinai since 4th century CE, until the construction of Siqqat Abbas Basha in 1853-54 CE, by Abbas Helmi I the Khedive of Egypt (1849-54). Archbishop Porphyrios II (1904-1926) restored the steps in 1905 CE. Several ancient monastic and pilgrimage routes lead to the plateau. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  Caption on negative: Wild melee of mountains, seen from Jebel Mo[usa?].
-  Date from Matson LOT cards.
-  Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
Medium
1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
LC-M32- 1681 [P&P]
Source Collection
G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Digital Id
matpc 02084 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.02084
Control Number
mpc2004004402/PP
Reproduction Number
LC-DIG-matpc-02084 (digital file from original photo)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Online Format
image
Description
1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.

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  • Call Number: LC-M32- 1681 [P&P]
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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Wild melee of mountains, seen from Jebel Mousa. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004402/PP/.

APA citation style:

American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. (1900) To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Wild melee of mountains, seen from Jebel Mousa. Egypt Sinai, 1900. [Approximately to 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004402/PP/.

MLA citation style:

American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Wild melee of mountains, seen from Jebel Mousa. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2004004402/PP/>.