[ digital file from original photo ]

About this Item

Title
Sinai series
Created / Published
[between 1898 and 1946]
Subject Headings
-  Egypt--Sinai.
-  Egypt--Sinai
Format Headings
Dry plate negatives.
Stereographs.
Notes
-  Title from negative sleeve.
-  Photograph taken from the Gulf of Suez opposite to Sinai's western coast, looking northeast and showing Gebel Abu Tubil and Gebel Giddat El Ila in the far horizon from a 35km distance in centre-left, the pointed summit of Gebel Muqassab to the left, the buildings of Al Hagig Quarantine for Mecca pilgrims at El Krum area close to Bir Murad to the south of El Tur on the coastal plain in the foreground from right to left, and El Qa'a Plain between the mountains and the coast. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  The vicinity of El Tur acted as a natural anchorage throughout the Peninsula's history. As a result, the coastal plain is dotted with dozens of sites which date back to Neolithic period at U'grat Suleiman (late 5th millennium BCE) and ancient Egyptian ruins at El Krum (Amenhotep III, 1,390-1,353 BCE), in addition to: Roman-Byzantine settlement at El Kilani (30 BCE-7th century CE) (?), four Byzantine monastic complexes at Ras and Bir Abu Suweira (4th century CE), Byzantine and Medieval monastic buildings and 16 burials with 48 human remains in the vicinity of and at Bir Yihia (6th-12th centuries CE), Byzantine ruins at Ras Ra'iya (4th-7th centuries CE), Ottoman fortress at Ras Ra'iya (Selim I, 1517-20 to 1800s CE), Ibrahim Pasha bath building at Hammam Musa hot spring (Turya, 19th century CE), Al Hagig Quarantine for Mecca pilgrims at El Krum close to Bir Murad (1858 CE), and public buildings and residential quarter (19th century CE), the Greek Orthodox Church of Saint George (1875 CE) and the school of Saint Catherine Monastery (1897 CE) at El Kilani area. The inhabitants of El Tur belong to "El-Tawara Tribal Alliance" in South Sinai between the following tribes: Mezena, 'Aliqat, Hamada and Bani Wasel, Awlad Sa'aed, Qrarsha and Sawalha, and Gebaliya, in addition to Mawtra tribe. Bedouin shrines are scattered along the coastal plain: Batan, El Hrezy El Mawtry and Ibn 'Aqili El 'Aliqaty. Historically, Sinai's Bedouin culture has links to Sufism. The land is dotted with shrines - there are 85 mapped religious shrines across the Peninsula, in addition to many other unmapped ones - used by different Bedouin tribes as annual meeting places. This part of Bedouin culture connects members of the same tribe and different tribes together. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service.
-  Guide card: Sinai.
-  Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
Medium
1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 4 x 5 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
LC-M32- 51684-x [P&P]
Source Collection
G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Digital Id
matpc 09603 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.09603
Control Number
mpc2005001072/PP
Reproduction Number
LC-DIG-matpc-09603 (digital file from original photo)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Online Format
image
Description
1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 4 x 5 in.

Rights & Access

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  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
  • Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-matpc-09603 (digital file from original photo)
  • Call Number: LC-M32- 51684-x [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Sinai Series. Egypt Sinai, None. [Between 1898 and 1946] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2005001072/PP/.

APA citation style:

Sinai Series. Egypt Sinai, None. [Between 1898 and 1946] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2005001072/PP/.

MLA citation style:

Sinai Series. [Between 1898 and 1946] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2005001072/PP/>.