Photo, Print, Drawing [To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebron. Almond tree in blossom at the Monastery of St. Catherine]
About this Item
- [To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebron. Almond tree in blossom at the Monastery of St. Catherine]
- Contributor Names
- American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Dept., photographer
- Created / Published
- [approximately 1910 to 1920]
- Subject Headings
- - Egypt--Sinai.
- - Egypt--Sinai
- Format Headings
- Dry plate negatives.
- - Title devised by Library staff.
- - Title and date based on caption for similar image (LC-M32-1626).
- - On negative sleeve: Trees.
- - Photograph taken from the orchard of Saint Catherine Monastery at the lower north terrace in Wadi El Dier (Biblical Holy Valley), looking northeast and showing the terraces of the almond trees in the foreground and the southern slopes of Gebel El Dier (Selieb-Baraka) and Gebel Meraja in the background. (A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
- - Saint Catherine Monastery was constructed in 545 CE by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565 CE). The Byzantine monastic settlements practiced mountain agriculture. A single settlement was or a cluster of settlements were composed of buildings (dwellings), hermit cells, prayer niches, rock-paved paths and agricultural plots (water dams & wells, reservoirs, conduits and retaining walls). The water structures were used (and still) in harvesting runoff water (rain and snow) from the slopes of the surrounding mountains to irrigate the orchards and agriculture plots. The climate of the High Mountains of Sinai Peninsula allowed the monks and later Bedouins of the Gebaliya tribe to grow: apricots (first half of June), apples (end of June), peaches and figs (early July), early grapes (mid July), figs, plums and grapes (end of July - early August), almonds, pomegranates and apples (August), pears (end of August), quince (September), red grapes and winter apples (October), and winter pears (end of October and early November). There are 632 re-used or new mountain orchards, where many of Byzantine origin, and 361 agricultural plots across the mountain range. The orchards of Saint Catherine Monastery and its peripheries El Arba'ein (The Forty Martyrs or Arseluas), Cosmos and Damian (Raheb) and El Bustan (Virgin Mary or Theotkos) monasteries have the largest orchards. The latter three are dominated by olive groves, e.g. 700 olive trees in El Arba'ein in 1816 CE. There were three water wells and three springs in the orchard of Saint Catherine Monastery in early 20th century CE, where an underground tunnel connects the orchard with the monastery. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
- - Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
- 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 4 x 5 in.
- Call Number/Physical Location
- LC-M32- 52310-x [P&P]
- Source Collection
- G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
- Digital Id
- matpc 10224 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.10224
- Control Number
- Reproduction Number
- LC-DIG-matpc-10224 (digital file from original photo)
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on publication.
- Online Format
- 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 4 x 5 in.
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- Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
- Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-matpc-10224 (digital file from original photo)
- Call Number: LC-M32- 52310-x [P&P]
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebron. Almond tree in blossom at the Monastery of St. Catherine. Egypt Sinai, 1910. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2005001979/PP/.
APA citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. (1910) To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebron. Almond tree in blossom at the Monastery of St. Catherine. Egypt Sinai, 1910. [Approximately to 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2005001979/PP/.
MLA citation style:
American Colony . Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebron. Almond tree in blossom at the Monastery of St. Catherine. [Approximately to 1920] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2005001979/PP/>.