Photo, Print, Drawing To Sinai by car. Ain Gedeirat. Possibly Kadesh Barnea of Num. 32:8, etc.

[ digital file from original photo ]

About this Item

Title
To Sinai by car. Ain Gedeirat. Possibly Kadesh Barnea of Num. 32:8, etc.
Contributor Names
American Colony (Jerusalem), Photo Dept., photographer
Created / Published
[approximately 1920 to 1933]
Format Headings
Nitrate negatives.
Notes
-  Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?].
-  Date from Matson LOT cards.
-  Photograph taken from the central section of Wadi El Qusaima (El Qadeirat) in the vicinity of Ain El Qadeirat water spring, showing the terraced valley (and retaining walls) for water harvesting and orchard agriculture and the slopes of Gebel Khrasha in the background. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  The water springs of Muweilih, Qusaima, El Qadeirat and Qideis are located in the vicinity of Biblical Kadesh Barnea on the crossroad of the Nabatean Spice Route between Egypt and Arabia, Darb El Sherif (form El Shatt on the Gulf of Suez to El Qusaima) and Darb Ghaza to the west of the 1906 CE international boundary line between Sinai Peninsula (Egypt under the British Mandate) and the Negev Desert (Palestine under the Ottoman Empire). The latter three springs form the traditional region of Biblical Kadesh Barnea and are located on the eastern section of the Exodus Traditional Route, also known as the Way to the Hill-Country of the Amorites (or the Way to the Reed Sea) or the previously mentioned Darb Ghaza. Upper, Middle and Lower Paleolithic sites (38,000-22,000 BCE), Epi-Paleolithic (17,000-8,300 BCE), Late Neolithic (5,500-4,500 BCE), Bronze (2,925-? BCE), Iron (fortresses, 11th-6th centuries CE), Persian (5th-4th centuries CE), Ptolemaic, Roman and Byzantine (305 BCE-640 CE) and Nabatean (1st century CE) sites are scattered in the region in the valleys and plateaus surrounding the springs, namely from north to south: Wadi Wabsi, Wadi EL Sabha, Wadi El Qadeirat or El Qusaima, Wadi El Halufi, Wadi El 'Asli, Wadi Geisi, Wadi Umm Hashim, Wadi Bali'an and Wadi Qideis. 'Aazazma (? century CE) and Tarabien (16th century CE) tribes inhabit the region. El Qusaima (and El Kuntella in the south) acted as the administrative centres of east Sinai since 19th century CE. The first asphalt road along Darb El Sherif was constructed by the Egyptian Corps of Engineers in 1950-51 CE (and later extended to the east in 1956-58 CE). The construction of the Israeli settlement Kadesh Barnea was planned in 1977 CE during the occupation of Sinai Peninsula between 1967 and 1982 CE, and before the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel in 1979 CE . Terraced valleys are composed of consecutive terraces (Arabic: 'Agoum) built at right angle to the valley for water harvesting, with an average of 12-15m (rarely 40m) spacing and walls of 5-7 stone layers, average of 6-20m (rarely up to 40-50/200m) long, 2-2.5m thick and average of 60-80cm (rarely up to 1.8-2m) high. The elevation of the bottom of one dam and the tip of the next downstream are equivalent. The floodwater flows from one terrace to the next, trapping soil and water behind each to raise groundwater and moisture level in the soil (subsurface water), while allowing desert agriculture. Water reservoirs were introduced to store water in a later phase. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
-  Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.
Medium
1 negative : nitrate ; 4 x 5 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
LC-M33- 3797 [P&P]
Source Collection
G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Digital Id
matpc 15542 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/matpc.15542
Control Number
mpc2010001040/PP
Reproduction Number
LC-DIG-matpc-15542 (digital file from original photo)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Online Format
image
Description
1 negative : nitrate ; 4 x 5 in.

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Cite This Item

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Chicago citation style:

American Colony , Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai by car. Ain Gedeirat. Possibly Kadesh Barnea of Num. 32:8, etc. , 1920. [Approximately to 1933] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2010001040/PP/.

APA citation style:

American Colony, P. D., photographer. (1920) To Sinai by car. Ain Gedeirat. Possibly Kadesh Barnea of Num. 32:8, etc. , 1920. [Approximately to 1933] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mpc2010001040/PP/.

MLA citation style:

American Colony , Photo Dept, photographer. To Sinai by car. Ain Gedeirat. Possibly Kadesh Barnea of Num. 32:8, etc. [Approximately to 1933] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mpc2010001040/PP/>.