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Photo, Print, Drawing Melrose, 1 Melrose-Montebello Parkway, Natchez, Adams County, MS

[ Photos from Survey HABS MS-61  ]

More Resources

[ Drawings from Survey HABS MS-61  ]
[ Data Pages from Survey HABS MS-61  ]
[ Photo Captions from Survey HABS MS-61  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Melrose, 1 Melrose-Montebello Parkway, Natchez, Adams County, MS

Names

  • Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
  • Reid, Dan, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1933

Headings

  • -  houses
  • -  Greek Revival architectural elements
  • -  slave quarters
  • -  outbuildings
  • -  Mississippi -- Adams County -- Natchez

Notes

  • -  Significance: A fine example of the Greek Revival style and one of the grandest estates in Natchez, Melrose was built ca. 1845 as the suburban residence of attorney and planter John T. McMurran of Pennsylvania. Jacob Byers of Hagerstown, Maryland designed and built the mansion. In 1865, McMurran sold the estate to George Malim Davis, whose family owned Melrose until 1975. The front facade is dominated by a two-story tetrastyle portico, modified by broadly spaced center columns and ornamented with delicate iron railings; the rear elevation features a two-story gallery and the massive load-bearing walls are of brick. A rectangular cupola above the third floor (attic) is crowned with a balustraded deck; the cupola's windows draw air up through the house, helping to relieve summer heat and humidity. The 12' by 14' foyer opens into a 21' wide central hall leading to the back door and forming a comfortable breezeway. To the right of the central hall a drawing room, parlor and library are aligned, each separated by double sliding doors that facilitate the circulation of people and air. To the left of the hallway, two-thirds of the space is devoted to service and circulation; from the rear gallery, servants reached the dining room in the northwest corner through a passageway along the outside wall. The second floor maintains the plan of the first, with three rooms and a grand staircase on the left. To the rear of the 14,472-square-foot main house is a symmetrical, U-shape cort. On the left are a two-story brick kitchen with slaves' quarters above, a latticed octagonal cistern and a smoke house; these buildings are matched on the right by a two-story dairy, cistern and privy. Much of the national architectural and historical significance of Melrose is derived from the full complement of dependencies that have remained an integral part of the estate. The 80-acre property also includes a stable, carriage barn, slaves' quarters, workers' cottage, workers' privy, shed, gazebo, and about 40 acres of wooded and landscaped park with ponds, formal gardens, an orchard and manicured lawns. Natchez National Historical Park was authorized on October 7, 1988.
  • -  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N53
  • -  Survey number: HABS MS-61
  • -  Building/structure dates: ca. 1840 Initial Construction
  • -  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 74002253

Medium

  • Photo(s): 9
  • Measured Drawing(s): 2
  • Data Page(s): 3
  • Photo Caption Page(s): 1

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HABS MISS,1-NATCH.V,12-

Source Collection

  • Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

Control Number

  • ms0209

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

Rights & Access

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  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
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  • Call Number: HABS MISS,1-NATCH.V,12-
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator. Melrose, 1 Melrose-Montebello Parkway, Natchez, Adams County, MS. Mississippi Adams County Natchez, 1933. translateds by Reid, Danmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ms0209/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C. (1933) Melrose, 1 Melrose-Montebello Parkway, Natchez, Adams County, MS. Mississippi Adams County Natchez, 1933. Reid, D., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ms0209/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator. Melrose, 1 Melrose-Montebello Parkway, Natchez, Adams County, MS. trans by Reid, Danmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ms0209/>.