Manuscript/Mixed Material Hans Peter Kraus Collection: Notarized copy of a power of attorney to Bachiller Juan de la Riba, vicar general of the archdiocese of Mexico, or to his successor, to Juan de Salazar and Francisco Ramírez, attorneys for cases in the audiencia of New Spain, and to Juan Ruiz Rubio, canon

About this Item

Title

  • Hans Peter Kraus Collection: Notarized copy of a power of attorney to Bachiller Juan de la Riba, vicar general of the archdiocese of Mexico, or to his successor, to Juan de Salazar and Francisco Ramírez, attorneys for cases in the audiencia of New Spain, and to Juan Ruiz Rubio, canon

Created / Published

  • The Mines of Taxco, February 5, 1558

Headings

  • -  Latin America--History
  • -  New Spain--Charters, grants, privileges
  • -  Catholic Church--Appointment, call, and election
  • -  Manuscripts

Genre

  • Manuscripts

Notes

  • -  The four priests state that at the request of the Dominican, Franciscan, and Augustinian Orders in New Spain, the Crown had issued four cedulas which the secular clergy found offensive. The first forbade the archbishop and bishops of New Spain to put secular clergy in towns where there were friars; the second allowed the friars to found friaries wherever they wished in New Spain, without obtaining permission from the archbishop or bishops; the third suspended the chapter of the synodal regulations which required the general payment of tithes; and the fourth commanded the archbishop and bishops of New Spain to allow the friars of the three orders to administer the sacraments freely. The secular priests maintained that these decrees were harmful to the secular clergy and to the Christianity of the natives and that the Crown would not have issued them if it had been better informed. They claimed that if the cedulas were carried out, the secular clergy would have to leave. The friars had monopolized such an area that they could not take care of a 10th or a 20th of it. Under the cover of false piety, the friars had informed the Crown that it would not be good for the Indians to pay tithes, because they foresaw that once the Indians started paying tithes, secular clergy would be sent among them, and the friars would lose the control over both spiritual and temporal matters, which they had maintained up to this time. The Crown had ordered certain inquiries made and had asked for certain opinions, all of which were now being sent to His Majesty. In view of this, the four priests are giving their power of attorney for the pursuit of their interests before the Pope, the King, the Council of the Indies, the audiencia of New Spain and any other secular or ecclesiastical justices who might be involved. The original of the power of attorney was signed by the four priests in the register of the notary and was witnessed by Diego López de Aragón, Francisco Rodríguez, and Juan Nardón. The copy is signed by Pedro Garcés, notary public.

Medium

  • 4 leaves

Source Collection

  • Hans Peter Kraus collection of Spanish American documents, 1433-1877

Repository

  • Manuscript Division

Digital Id

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The materials in Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier are in the public domain and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Hans Peter Kraus Collection: Notarized copy of a power of attorney to Bachiller Juan de la Riba, vicar general of the archdiocese of Mexico, or to his successor, to Juan de Salazar and Francisco Ramírez, attorneys for cases in the audiencia of New Spain, and to Juan Ruiz Rubio, canon. The Mines of Taxco, February 5, 1558. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/mss31013-04900/.

APA citation style:

(1558) Hans Peter Kraus Collection: Notarized copy of a power of attorney to Bachiller Juan de la Riba, vicar general of the archdiocese of Mexico, or to his successor, to Juan de Salazar and Francisco Ramírez, attorneys for cases in the audiencia of New Spain, and to Juan Ruiz Rubio, canon. The Mines of Taxco, February 5. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mss31013-04900/.

MLA citation style:

Hans Peter Kraus Collection: Notarized copy of a power of attorney to Bachiller Juan de la Riba, vicar general of the archdiocese of Mexico, or to his successor, to Juan de Salazar and Francisco Ramírez, attorneys for cases in the audiencia of New Spain, and to Juan Ruiz Rubio, canon. The Mines of Taxco, February 5, 1558. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mss31013-04900/>.