Top of page

About this Item


  • Circus Maximus


  • Unknown artist

Created / Published

  • 1580


  • -  Art reproduction
  • -  Procession
  • -  Greek or Roman Instruments
  • -  art


  • art


  • -  16th century
  • -  Medium: Etching.
  • -  Dayton Miller Category: Mythological, etc.
  • -  Related Names: Panvinio, Onofrio, 1529-1568
  • -  Artist Notes: from a book by Onofrio Panvinio, historian and archeologist, 1529-1568, published posthumously
  • -  Provenance: Paul Ritti, Librairie P. Ritti, Paris, 4 Mar. 1930.
  • -  Instrument(s): Cornu (Curved trumpet), Tuba (Straight trumpet), Tibia (Aulos), Cythara (Lyre)
  • -  Artist Nationality: Unknown
  • -  Inscription: Recto: top edge: (beneath moat, in Latin) POMPAE - CIRCENSIS - A - PRISCEIS - ROMANEIS - FLORENTE - IMPERIO - MAXIMO - APPARATV - ET - RELIGIONE - SOLENNI - RITV - CELEBRATE - EX - ANTIQVEIS - LIBRORVM - LAPIDVM - ET - NVMMORVM - TETIMONEIS - ACCVRATA EXPRESSIO - ONVPHRII PANVINII - VERONENSIS - INVENTORIS - SVMTV - ET - AEREIS - TYPEIS - VENETIES - ANNO SALVTIS - [symbol of infinity, a horizontal "8", meaning 1000] DLXXX - GRE - XIII - PAPA. / Cum priuilegieis Pontificis. Imperatoris, Regnum. Reipublicae, Venetae, et Ducum. ; left edge: ONVPHRIVS - PANVINIVS / VERONENSIS - AVCTOR ; first row, right to left, descriptions beneath groups of figures: Senatores | Reliqui magistratus | Lictores [et?] uiatores | Reliqui sacerdotes | Virgines Vestales | XV. uivi sacris faciundis | Augures | Flamines | Pontifices | Pont. max | Arma. maxi | Carpenta ; second row, left to right: Currus | Currus | Tensae | Fercula | Hostiae | Victimarij | Popae Victimae | Pullarij Haruspices | Ministri sacerdotum | Camilli et flaminij | third row, right to left: Cytharoedi | Tibicines | Tubicines | Satyrica Saltatio | Pueri | Iuuenes | Armata Saltatio - Viri | Cursores | Pugiles | Luctatores | fourth row, left to right: Quadrigae | Trigea | Bigae | Iuuentus Romana equestris | Pedestrisque armata | Summus magistratus qui pompam ducebat ; center: (beneath obelisk) Obeliscus ; far left and far right (on goal posts) Meta ; far right: (beneath entrance) Oppida ; l. l.: (on entrance) Moenianum / S P Q R ; bottom center: POMPA - CIRCENSIS | Pag. 89. | CIRCVS - MAXIMVS. ; l. r.: [plate] V / Pag. 89 ; verso: top center: (in pencil) Fetes romaines; l. l.: (in pencil) C575/633.


  • 14 1/2 x 36 3/8 inches (37.0 x 92.5 cm.)

Source Collection

  • Dayton C. Miller Collection


  • Music Division

Digital Id

Online Format

  • image

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the Dayton C. Miller Collection except for the items noted below. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. Patrons should keep in mind that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information.

Copyright Protected Items

Four full-size drawings of flutes DCM 0507, DCM 0615, DCM 0916, and DCM 1125 by Jean-François Beaudin, Québec, Canada. 2003. Please make written requests for permission for other uses to:

Jean-François Beaudin
312 Chemin Richford
Frelighsburg (Québec) Canada, J0J1C0
Tel.: 450-298-5161
Fax: 450-298-8251

The quotation regarding Dr. Miller and his gold flute comes from an article by Robert S. Shankland, "Dayton Clarence Miller: Physics Across Fifty Years." American Journal of Physics 9(October 1941):273-283. LC call number: QC1.A47. It was reprinted here with permission from the American Journal of Physics 9(October 1941):278. Copyright 1941, American Association of Physics Teachers. Should you wish to quote from this article, please contact:

Susann Brailey, Office of Rights and Permissions
American Institute of Physics
Suite 1N01
2 Huntington Quadrangle
Melville, NY 11747-4502
Phone: 516-576-2268
Fax: 516-576-2450

The image of the Faun playing an aulos by Rea Irvin, Miller no. 57/G, comes from the cover of The New Yorker magazine, 14 March 1925. It is reproduced here without The New Yorker masthead as required by Condé Nast Publications, New York. Permission to reproduce the Faun only as a thumbnail-size image, and without the masthead, is Courtesy of the Irvin Estate. No reproduction without permission. For reproduction permission, please contact:

The Irvin Estate
c/o Molly Rea
5 Willis Lane
Fairfax, California 94930

Credit line: Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

"Dayton C. Miller, His Life, Work and Contributions as a Scientist and Organologist" is made available here with permission from the author, William J. Maynard. HTML version of this text

More about American Memory, Copyright and other Restrictions

Credit line: Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Unknown Artist. Circus Maximus. , 1580. Photograph.

APA citation style:

Unknown Artist. (1580) Circus Maximus. , 1580. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Unknown Artist. Circus Maximus. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.