Biographies Pablo Neruda (Chile) (1904-1973)

Pablo Neruda

Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto was born in Parral, Chile in 1904. He adopted the pseudonym Pablo Neruda in 1920 and changed his name legally in 1946. He is the author of more than fifty books, most of them books of poetry such as Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada (Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair) (1924), Residencia en la tierra (Residence on Earth) (2 vol., 1933/35), and Alturas de Macchu Picchu (The Heights of Macchu Picchu) (1947). He wrote one play and several notable works in prose, including his autobiography, Confieso que he vivido: Memorias (I Confess I Have Lived: Memoirs) (1974). In 1971 Neruda was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Other honors include the National Prize for Literature of Chile, the International Peace Prize, and the Stalin Peace Prize. Alongside his prolific literary career, he served as a Chilean diplomat and sought a career in politics. From 1927 to 1944, he was appointed Chilean consul to Burma, Singapore, Java, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, Madrid and Mexico City. In 1945 he was elected senator of the republic as a member of the Communist Party, which was outlawed four years later. The poet sought exile in Mexico and later toured Europe and Asia. He returned to Santiago, Chile in 1952, where he continued to write until his death in 1973.

Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto nació en Parral, Chile en 1904. Adoptó el pseudónimo Pablo Neruda en 1920 y se cambió el nombre legalmente en 1946. Es autor de más de cincuenta libros, en su mayoría colecciones de poesía, entre ellas Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada (1924), Residencia en la tierra (2 vol., 1933/35), y Alturas de Macchu Picchu (1947). Escribió también obras de teatro y textos en prosa, entre ellos su autobiografía, Confieso que he vivido: Memorias (1974). En 1971 Neruda recibió el Premio Nobel de Literatura. Sus reconocimientos también incluyeron el Premio Nacional de Literatura en Chile, el Premio Internacional de la Paz, y el Premio Stalin de la Paz. A la par de su producción literaria, trabajó como diplomático y se involucró en la política de Chile. De 1927 a 1944 sirvió como cónsul de Chile en Birmania, Singapur, Java, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, Madrid y Ciudad de México. En 1945 fué elegido como senador de la republica por el Partido Comunista, el cual fue proscripto cuatro años más tarde. El poeta se exilió en México y luego en Europa y Asia. Volvió a Santiago de Chile en 1952 donde siguió escribiendo hasta su muerte en 1973.

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Title
Pablo Neruda (Chile) (1904-1973)
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n79046560
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Pablo Neruda Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto was born in Parral, Chile in 1904. He adopted the pseudonym Pablo Neruda in 1920 and changed his name legally in 1946. He is the author of more than fifty books, most of them books of poetry such as Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada (Twenty Love […]
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Pablo Neruda Chile -1973. 1904. Image. https://www.loc.gov/item/n79046560/pablo-neruda-chile-1904-1973/.

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(1904) Pablo Neruda Chile -1973. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/n79046560/pablo-neruda-chile-1904-1973/.

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Pablo Neruda Chile -1973. 1904. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/n79046560/pablo-neruda-chile-1904-1973/>.