Photo, Print, Drawing Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company, Watts Tobacco Warehouse, Gregson & West Peabody Streets, Durham, Durham County, NC

[ Drawings from Survey HAER NC-5  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HAER NC-5  ]

About this Item

Title
Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company, Watts Tobacco Warehouse, Gregson & West Peabody Streets, Durham, Durham County, NC
Contributor Names
Historic American Engineering Record, creator
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1968
Subject Headings
-  warehouses
-  North Carolina -- Durham County -- Durham
Notes
-  Significance: Prior to 1890, tobacco manufactures purchased tobacco at auction and had it stored for up to two years by a warehouse company until it was ready for production. In 1904, the W. Duke, Son & Co. branch of the American Tobacco Company constructed the George W. Watts Warehouse. It is likely that Albert F. Hunt of Richmond, Virginia, designed the two story brick masonry and heavy timbered structure based on a prototype developed by the American Tobacco Company. The Watts Warehouse represented a new design approach to the problems of tobacco storage. Dryness, ventilation, insects, and fire protection were major design considerations, and brick was far superior to wood frame construction from the standpoint of these important considerations. Agricultural tile, beneath a cinder and rubble mound foundation runs the length of the warehouse to channel moisture away from the building. A pitched roof and drain pipes dump water in to a storm sewer beneath the warehouse. Built before mechanical ventilation systems were adapted for warehouse design, the four independent warehouse in the Watts Complex are honeycombed wit ha network of chimneys, flues, vents, and louvered windows to insure sufficient air circulation. Each year's crop was spread throughout the warehouse in order to minimize potential damage to a single year's crop. The Watts Warehouse, and others like it, received detailed architectural and ornamental treatment. The brick work on the chimneys, the detail brick work around the cornice line, and the pilaster and window details accent the seventy-two chimneys rising from the roof. A handsome building like the Watts Warehouse was considered good advertising for the company and embellished the image of its owner.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-5
-  Survey number: HAER NC-5
-  Building/structure dates: ca. 1904 Initial Construction
Medium
Measured Drawing(s): 2
Call Number/Physical Location
HAER NC,32-DURM,3-
Source Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
nc0024
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Online Format
image
pdf
Description
Measured Drawing(s): 2

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  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: HAER NC,32-DURM,3-
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator. Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company, Watts Tobacco Warehouse, Gregson & West Peabody Streets, Durham, Durham County, NC. Durham Durham County North Carolina, 1968. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/nc0024/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, C. (1968) Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company, Watts Tobacco Warehouse, Gregson & West Peabody Streets, Durham, Durham County, NC. Durham Durham County North Carolina, 1968. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/nc0024/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator. Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company, Watts Tobacco Warehouse, Gregson & West Peabody Streets, Durham, Durham County, NC. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/nc0024/>.