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Audio Recording Losing Jobs to Mechanization

Losing Jobs to Mechanization

About this Item


  • Losing Jobs to Mechanization


  • Smart, Stanley (Narrator)
  • Vennum, Thomas (Interviewer)

Created / Published

  • July 27, 1978


  • -  Ninety-Six Ranch
  • -  Activities
  • -  Haying
  • -  Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation
  • -  Native Americans
  • -  Haying crews
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  Interviews


  • Ethnography
  • Interviews


  • -  Stanley Smart, a Northern Paiute Indian, who worked on the 96 Ranch in the past, reminisces about crews of Indian workers stacking hay who have since been replaced by mechanization.
  • -  The men share a certain ambivalence about this change. Although Les speaks of the necessity for mechanization, his lovingly made film about the hay derrick days points to his affection for the older form of work. Although Smart does not explicitly say so, one may assume that his musings about lost jobs are mitigated by memories of hot, dusty hours on top of a haystack.
  • -  In this selection, worker Stanley Smart explains how the reduced use of labor on his reservation's hayfields, as well as on nearby ranches, has made it harder to find work. Les offers the rancher's perspective on the need to reduce labor and increase mechanization in "Reducing the Need for Labor on the 96 Ranch."


  • Audio

Call Number/Physical Location

  • AFC 1991/021: NV8-TV-R9

Source Collection

  • Paradise Valley Folklife Project Collection (AFC 1991/021)


  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • audio

Rights & Access

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Credit line

Paradise Valley Folklife Project collection, 1978-1982 (AFC 1991/021), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Smart, Stanley, and Thomas Vennum. Losing Jobs to Mechanization. 1978. Audio.

APA citation style:

Smart, S. & Vennum, T. (1978) Losing Jobs to Mechanization. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Smart, Stanley, and Thomas Vennum. Losing Jobs to Mechanization. 1978. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.