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Audio Recording Working on the 96 Ranch

Working on the 96 Ranch

About this Item


  • Working on the 96 Ranch


  • Vennum, Thomas (Interviewer)
  • Northrup, Tex (Narrator)

Created / Published

  • July 25, 1978


  • -  Ninety-Six Ranch
  • -  Activities
  • -  Buckaroos
  • -  Stewart, Les
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  Interviews


  • Ethnography
  • Interviews


  • -  Tex Northrup, a Northern Paiute Indian, who has worked on the 96 Ranch for over a decade, reminisces about working for Les Stewart.
  • -  The relationship between worker and boss can be trying for anyone, and when the two come from different cultures, the matter is especially difficult. In this selection, Tex Northrup delineates his working relationship with Les Stewart. Since Northrup, an Indian, is talking to a white outsider about his white employer, his circumspection and positive emphasis are easily understood. Northrup, like most Northern Paiutes, is fully bilingual. This can be taken as a sign of his continuing loyalty to native traditions and his adaptation to bicultural circumstances. One evening, during a break in our filming at the Bradshaw Camp, Northrup turned to me and spontaneously extolled buckaroo work. Every time one began to tire of some phase of the work, he said, the season changed and the tasks changed with it. He said this suited him perfectly.


  • Audio

Call Number/Physical Location

  • AFC 1991/021: NV8-TV-R8

Source Collection

  • Paradise Valley Folklife Project Collection (AFC 1991/021)


  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • audio

Rights & Access

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The American Folklife Center and the professional fieldworkers who carry out these projects feel a strong ethical responsibility to the people they have visited and who have consented to have their lives documented for the historical record. The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.

The Buckaroos in Paradise collection includes copy photographs of numerous historical still photographs, works of art, and other objects that are owned by the families or individuals identified in bibliographic records for those objects. The collection also includes audio and video interviews with individuals who consented to the inclusion of these selections here.

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Credit line

Paradise Valley Folklife Project collection, 1978-1982 (AFC 1991/021), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Vennum, Thomas, and Tex Northrup. Working on the 96 Ranch. 1978. Audio.

APA citation style:

Vennum, T. & Northrup, T. (1978) Working on the 96 Ranch. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Vennum, Thomas, and Tex Northrup. Working on the 96 Ranch. 1978. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.