Film, Video Haying Season (ca. 1945) (part 1 of 3)
About this Item
- Haying Season (ca. 1945) (part 1 of 3)
- Contributor Names
- Stewart, Leslie J. (Narrator)
- Kaser, Brad (Narrator)
- Stewart, Leslie J. (Interviewer)
- Created / Published
- ca. 1945
- Subject Headings
- - Landscapes
- - Ninety-Six Ranch
- - Activities
- - Haying
- - Hay derricks
- - Haying crews
- - Mowing
- - Ethnography
- - Motion Pictures
- Motion Pictures
- - Les Stewart's (and grandson Brad Kaser's) narration [NV82-CF-R1 and R5], recorded on 82/07/07 by Margaret Purser and Carl Fleischhauer, describes the footage that he filmed in the mid1940s which documents the haying process on the 96 Ranch at the time.
- - Les's footage of haying in this video clip testifies to his sensibility and skill as a documentary filmmaker. The film, originally made ca. 1945, indicates his concern that every process step be included and his understanding that the work event includes the arrival of the workers, the preparation and setup of equipment, and the meal that marks the midpoint of the day.
- - The era following World War II was the time of transition from horse-drawn to motor-driven machinery. This is clearly evident in Les's film of winter feeding, where both teams and tractors are employed, as in video selection . In the footage of haying, some horse-drawn equipment, including the derrick itself, has simply been attached to a tractor. Mechanization of this sort does not offer much of a reduction in labor; the next generation of machines, designed to work with motors, enabled ranchers to cut back on hired help.
- - Les's narration explains how the work is organized and directed. In the opening section of the video, he notes that scheduling haying between major holidays reduces the likelihood of losing the crew to celebratory drunkenness. The hierarchy of workers is implied in his comments about the lead mower and the stack boss. Les also tells how members of the mowing crew would criticize each other for failures to execute the work properly.
- - The stacking crew also exercised self-discipline through verbal exchanges in a competitive work environment. In remarks not included in this soundtrack, Les said that if one corner of the neat, box-like stack were to collapse due to a stacker's poor craftsmanship, the crew would "whoop and holler and embarrass the poor guy to death."
- - The haying crew posing for the group portrait shown here numbers eleven. In 1983, Les could still recall many of the men's names: from the left are Raymond Arriola, Frank Sellers, an unidentified Indian, George Morrel, Bias Urrieta, Gus Ramasco, an unidentified Indian, Stanley Smart, Arthur Horn, Albert Skedaddle, and an unidentified man. The stackers in the Ninety-Six's crew were Northern Paiute Indians. Les said that they were better at the work than whites, an idea echoed in Stanley Smart's comments in audio selection . When mowing and stacking occurred simultaneously, the number of men in a derrick-era hay crew might total eighteen or twenty. The mowing crew would consist of about five men on mowing machines and one or two men operating buck rakes. There might be one or two more men supporting this crew and yarding the hay, pushing it to a location convenient for the subsequent stacking operation. The stacking crew included five or six stackers on top; two net tenders and a tractor driver (or teamster) on the ground; and two buck rake men to move hay onto the net.
- - Les said that the stacks would sometimes stand for as many as a dozen years, and the slight amount of precipitation in the valley would only spoil the outer layer. Stacks of baled hay will not last as long.
- - The film shown here is virtually untouched from Les's own editing. The soundtrack is assembled from two performances recorded on the same occasion. Most of the track was taken from the second reading, when Les was joined by his six-year-old grandson Brad Kaser.
- 16mm film
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1991/021: NV-VDP-VT9
- Source Collection
- Paradise Valley Folklife Project Collection (AFC 1991/021)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
Rights assessment is your responsibility.
The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.
The American Folklife Center and the professional fieldworkers who carry out these projects feel a strong ethical responsibility to the people they have visited and who have consented to have their lives documented for the historical record. The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.
The Buckaroos in Paradise collection includes copy photographs of numerous historical still photographs, works of art, and other objects that are owned by the families or individuals identified in bibliographic records for those objects. The collection also includes audio and video interviews with individuals who consented to the inclusion of these selections here.
Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these collection materials should contact the Folklife Reading Room for assistance.
Paradise Valley Folklife Project collection, 1978-1982 (AFC 1991/021), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Stewart, Leslie J, Brad Kaser, and Leslie J Stewart. Haying Season ca. 1945 part 1 of 3. 1945. Video. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ncr002382/. (Accessed April 28, 2017.)
APA citation style:
Stewart, L. J., Kaser, B. & Stewart, L. J. (1945) Haying Season ca. 1945 part 1 of 3. [Video] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ncr002382/.
MLA citation style:
Stewart, Leslie J, Brad Kaser, and Leslie J Stewart. Haying Season ca. 1945 part 1 of 3. 1945. Video. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/ncr002382/>.