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Audio Recording Indians at Haying Season

Indians at Haying Season

About this Item


  • Indians at Haying Season


  • Vennum, Thomas (Interviewer)
  • Northrup, Tex (Narrator)

Created / Published

  • July 25, 1978


  • -  Ninety-Six Ranch
  • -  Activities
  • -  Haying
  • -  Native Americans
  • -  Camps
  • -  Haying crews
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  Interviews


  • Ethnography
  • Interviews


  • -  Tex Northrup, a Northern Paiute Indian, who has worked on the 96 Ranch for over a decade, reminisces about Indian workers and haying encampments in the past.
  • -  Nowhere is the reduced need for ranch labor more noticeable than in summer haying. The change was felt throughout the postwar era, culminating in the 1960s and 1970s. Tex's description of the Indian workers and haying encampment, of course, pertains to an earlier period when a larger workforce was needed. But the story conveys more than the feel of a labor-intensive era. It also implies the distance between the white workers, who occupied bunkhouses or hay-camp buildings, and the Indians, camped with their families.
  • -  Tex Northrup is a Northern Paiute from the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation who worked on the Ninety-Six Ranch for a little over ten years. Tex was employed year-round, and for much of his tenure he was foreman of the ranch's buckaroos. The buckaroos were generally seasonal workers, and for the most part also Paiute. Tex left the ranch in 1982 and began working on an outfit nearer McDermitt.


  • Audio

Call Number/Physical Location

  • AFC 1991/021: NV8-TV-R8

Source Collection

  • Paradise Valley Folklife Project Collection (AFC 1991/021)


  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • audio

Rights & Access

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The Buckaroos in Paradise collection includes copy photographs of numerous historical still photographs, works of art, and other objects that are owned by the families or individuals identified in bibliographic records for those objects. The collection also includes audio and video interviews with individuals who consented to the inclusion of these selections here.

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Credit line

Paradise Valley Folklife Project collection, 1978-1982 (AFC 1991/021), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Vennum, Thomas, and Tex Northrup. Indians at Haying Season. 1978. Audio.

APA citation style:

Vennum, T. & Northrup, T. (1978) Indians at Haying Season. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Vennum, Thomas, and Tex Northrup. Indians at Haying Season. 1978. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.