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Photo, Print, Drawing Cadwalader Park, Bounded by Parkside Avenue, Stuyvesant Avenue, and Cadwalader Drive, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

[ Data Pages from Survey HALS NJ-9  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Cadwalader Park, Bounded by Parkside Avenue, Stuyvesant Avenue, and Cadwalader Drive, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

Names

  • Historic American Landscapes Survey, creator
  • Olmsted, Frederick Law, Sr.
  • McCall, Henry, Sr.
  • Notman, John
  • Roebling, John A.
  • Delaware and Raritan Canal
  • Stacy, Mahlon
  • Trent, William
  • Cadwalader, Thomas
  • Downing, Andrew Jackson
  • Farlee, George W.
  • Olmsted, John Charles
  • Olmsted, Frederick Law, Jr.
  • Thayer, Russell
  • Hill, Edmund C.
  • Bell, George N.
  • Waring, George E., Jr.
  • Warren, Manning
  • Trenton Park Commission
  • Trenton City Museum at Ellarslie Mansion
  • Friends of Cadwalader Park
  • Flemer, Rebecca, historian
  • Timberlake, Evelyn, historian
  • Baum, Randy, historian
  • Bosted, David, historian
  • Stevens, Christopher M., transmitter
  • McPartland, Mary, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 2000

Headings

  • -  parks
  • -  canals
  • -  monuments & memorials
  • -  lawns
  • -  canopy trees
  • -  gates
  • -  roads
  • -  recreation
  • -  sports & recreation facilities
  • -  play (recreation)
  • -  landscape architects
  • -  arches
  • -  Works Progress Administration
  • -  City Beautiful movement
  • -  meadows
  • -  allées
  • -  Neo-Classical architectural elements
  • -  Richardsonian Romanesque architectural elements
  • -  public works
  • -  New Jersey--Mercer County--Trenton

Latitude / Longitude

  • 40.237773,-74.790908

Notes

  • -  Honorable Mention - 2022 HALS Challenge: Olmsted Landscapes
  • -  For related documentation, see also Ellarslie (HABS NJ-980)
  • -  Significance: Cadwalader Park is significant as a largely intact example of a Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. design. Completing the plan in 1891 at the age of 69, it is Olmsted, Sr.'s last great urban park and the only one in New Jersey created by him. He visited the site in 1890 and created the original plan for the park, (Figure 1) continuing to work on it until his retirement in 1895. The park and the surrounding neighborhood of Cadwalader Heights, consisting of 73 houses exemplify the City Beautiful initiative to provide respite to city dwellers. In the late 19th century Trenton was a manufacturing leader: producing ceramics, rubber, steel, and was home to the Roebling plant. In response to burgeoning industrialization and urbanization, the park was created with winding pathways and open vistas to guide urban-dwellers to the beauty and cathartic elements of nature. Cadwalader Park's extant features include a rustic ravine, open meadows, allées of mature trees, and Neo-Classical structures. At the center of the park is the Ellarslie Mansion, originally designed as a home for Henry McCall, Sr. by important Philadelphia architect, John Notman, who introduced the Italianate style to the United States.  Notman planned the grounds in the picturesque style and used many  landscape design principles of Andrew Jackson Downing, who incidentally was a champion of Frederick Law Olmsted's early writing. Cadwalader Park represents the work and ideas of the major cultural figures in the 19th century American Landscape movement.
  • -  Survey number: HALS NJ-9
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1890-1895 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1905-1911 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1931-1936 Subsequent Work
  • -  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 73001112

Medium

  • Data Page(s): 20

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HALS NJ-9

Source Collection

  • Historic American Landscapes Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

Control Number

  • nj1918

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • pdf

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  • Call Number: HALS NJ-9
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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Landscapes Survey, Creator, Frederick Law Olmsted, Henry McCall, John Notman, John A Roebling, Delaware And Raritan Canal, Mahlon Stacy, et al. Cadwalader Park, Bounded by Parkside Avenue, Stuyvesant Avenue, and Cadwalader Drive, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ. New Jersey Trenton Mercer County, 2000. translateds by Stevens, Christopher M.Mitter, and Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/nj1918/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Landscapes Survey, C., Olmsted, F. L., McCall, H., Notman, J., Roebling, J. A., Delaware And Raritan Canal [...] Bosted, D. (2000) Cadwalader Park, Bounded by Parkside Avenue, Stuyvesant Avenue, and Cadwalader Drive, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ. New Jersey Trenton Mercer County, 2000. Stevens, C. M. M. & McPartland, M., transs Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/nj1918/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Landscapes Survey, Creator, et al. Cadwalader Park, Bounded by Parkside Avenue, Stuyvesant Avenue, and Cadwalader Drive, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ. trans by Stevens, Christopher M.Mitter, and Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/nj1918/>.