Photo, Print, Drawing Pueblitos of Dinetah, South of Navajo Reservation, north of Largo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM

[ Drawings from Survey HABS NM-161  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS NM-161  ]

About this Item

Title
Pueblitos of Dinetah, South of Navajo Reservation, north of Largo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM
Contributor Names
Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Pueblo Indians
Navajo Indians
Ute Indians
Dharmadhikar, Kirtimalini S, field team
Zareen, Hadiba, field team
Gaudy, Peggy, field team
Metzinger, Mira D, field team
Miller, Evan, field team
Shaw, Rodney, field team
Fosberg, Stephen, field team
Jacobson, Louann, field team
Botsford, Manton, field team
Fox, Matthew, field team
Krishnan, Sabrina, field team
Stosick, Heidi, field team
Barbee, William C, project manager
Goddard, Roger, project manager
Gauper, Robert V, project manager
Padilla, Mary, transmitter
Laird, Verner W, delineator
Roberts, Jason, delineator
Gauper, Robert V, delineator
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1933
Subject Headings
-  pueblos
-  ruins
-  Indians of North America
-  settlement patterns
-  archaeology
-  building deterioration
-  New Mexico -- Rio Arriba County -- Dulce
-  New Mexico -- San Juan County -- Blanco
Notes
-  Significance: The Pueblitos of Denetah or small pueblos of the Navajo homeland are important structures which yield substantial information about the origins and evolution of the Navajo culture. Located in northern New Mexico, the Pueblitos of Dinetah contribute to our understanding of the economics, settlement patterns, social organization, and warfare between the Navajo, Ute and Pueblo Indians and the Spanish from 1680 to the mid 18th century. This period, known as the Gobernador Phase, was a time of social turmoil and hostility, beginning with the Pueblo Revolt in 1680. The Revolt broke the Spanish hold on Pueblo villages along the northern Rio Grande and when the Spanish regained control in 1692, most Pueblo groups fled westward to Navajo territory in the Lago-Gobernador area of northern New Mexico. During this period, the Navajo and Pueblo people lived together and probably intermarried. The influence of Pueblo refugees on the Navajo culture is exhibited in the pottery, rock art, and architecture of the region. By 1715, Ute attacks, encouraged by the Spanish, were threatening the survival of the Navajo and Pueblo people. These conflicts led to increased use of mesa tops, cliff faces, and large boulders as construction sites with most structures defensively positioned for protection from attack. Constructed of unfinished sandstone and mud mortar with earthen roofs and floors, the Pueblitos have expansive views of the surrounding territory, and often maintain a line-of-sight with each other. They vary from a single room to multi storied buildings with 40 rooms. Navajo and historic Puebloan artifacts found at the sites reveal contact with a wide geographical area. These unique structures reflect a blending of 18th century Navajo, Pueblo, and Spanish architectural styles. The Pueblitos include such architectural features as viga and latilla ceilings, masonry walls with interior plaster, blind entryways, storage racks, hooded fireplaces, and roof hatchways. Abandoned two and one-half centuries ago, the Pueblitos are the physical remnants of a unique period in history when three cultures came in close contact for a brief period in the Dinetah. While every pueblito is different, the structures documented under this project were chosen to represent the various types and locations of sites found throughout the study area.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N565
-  Survey number: HABS NM-161
Medium
Measured Drawing(s): 3
Call Number/Physical Location
HABS NM,20-DUL.V,10-
Source Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
nm0168
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Language
English
Online Format
image
pdf
Description
Measured Drawing(s): 3

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Pueblo Indians, Navajo Indians, Ute Indians, Kirtimalini S Dharmadhikar, Hadiba Zareen, Peggy Gaudy, et al. Pueblitos of Dinetah, South of Navajo Reservation, north of Largo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM. Blanco Dulce New Mexico Rio Arriba County San Juan County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/nm0168/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Pueblo Indians, Navajo Indians, Ute Indians, Dharmadhikar, K. S., Zareen, H. [...] Gauper, R. V. (1933) Pueblitos of Dinetah, South of Navajo Reservation, north of Largo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM. Blanco Dulce New Mexico Rio Arriba County San Juan County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/nm0168/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al. Pueblitos of Dinetah, South of Navajo Reservation, north of Largo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/nm0168/>.