Photo, Print, Drawing Alexandre Pigeon Ranch, New Mexico State Highway 50, 1.1 miles south of intersection with Interstate 25, Glorieta, Santa Fe County, NM

[ Drawings from Survey HABS NM-198  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS NM-198  ]

About this Item

Title
Alexandre Pigeon Ranch, New Mexico State Highway 50, 1.1 miles south of intersection with Interstate 25, Glorieta, Santa Fe County, NM
Contributor Names
Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Pigeon, Alexandre, Owner
Valle, Alexandre, Owner
Greer, Thomas L., Owner
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1933
Subject Headings
-  war (Civil War)
-  military hospitals
-  sheep ranches
-  trails & paths
-  adobe buildings
-  adobe houses
-  stagecoach stations
-  road & roadside elements
-  New Mexico -- Santa Fe County -- Glorieta
Latitude / Longitude
35.571654,-105.754831
Notes
-  Significance: During March 26-28, 1862, Union forces defeated Confederates from Texas in the significant Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass. The heaviest fighting occurred at Pigeon's Ranch, March 28, the hacienda serving as a temporary field hospital with many of the dead buried on the ranch lands. A Missourian of French descent, Alexandre Pigeon or Valle (he used both names in New Mexico), was a successful Santa Fe Trail trader who established a sheep ranch and wayside stop in the 1850s. Located in a tight canyon near Glorieta Pass approximately twenty-five mile east of Santa Fe, the ranch complex straddled the trail. The main hacienda was a rambling single story, rectangular building of over twenty rooms with a shallow pitched roof. Trees shaded an interior patio. Outbuildings, stables, corrals, and well house surrounded the hacienda. The structure also served as a stagestop and a trailside inn. The ranch deteriorated after Pigeon's death in the 1870s. After the construction of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad through the pass, in 1880, traffic was diverted away from the trail in 1925, Thomas L. Greer bough the "Old Pigeon Ranch" where he opened a store of curios, postcards and other sales items for tourists along what was later designated U.S. Route 66. He published a brochure describing the hacienda as a "Spanish fort" and the well as "Coronado's Well." The curio store and roadside attractions remained in operation into the 1960s. Greer died in 1968. State supported archeological surveys mapped the site in the 1970s and 1980s. Stabilization of the remaining adobe structure, part of the original hacienda, occurred in 1978-9. The National Park Service acquired the significant Pigeon's Ranch in 1992 as part of the Glorieta Pass Unit of Pecos National Historical Park.
-  Survey number: HABS NM-198
-  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 66000486
Medium
Photo(s): 9
Measured Drawing(s): 4
Photo Caption Page(s): 1
Call Number/Physical Location
HABS NM-198
Source Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
nm0228
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Online Format
image
pdf
Description
Photo(s): 9 | Measured Drawing(s): 4 | Photo Caption Page(s): 1

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  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: HABS NM-198
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Alexandre Pigeon, Alexandre Valle, and Thomas L Greer. Alexandre Pigeon Ranch, New Mexico State Highway 50, 1.1 miles south of intersection with Interstate 25, Glorieta, Santa Fe County, NM. Glorieta New Mexico Santa Fe County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/nm0228/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Pigeon, A., Valle, A. & Greer, T. L. (1933) Alexandre Pigeon Ranch, New Mexico State Highway 50, 1.1 miles south of intersection with Interstate 25, Glorieta, Santa Fe County, NM. Glorieta New Mexico Santa Fe County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/nm0228/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al. Alexandre Pigeon Ranch, New Mexico State Highway 50, 1.1 miles south of intersection with Interstate 25, Glorieta, Santa Fe County, NM. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/nm0228/>.