Audio Recordings Mi'kachi Song Wolf Song
About this Item
- Mi'kachi Song
- Other Title
- Wolf Song
- Contributor Names
- Wells, Charles (Ki'baxthagthithoⁿ) (Elk who comes back suddenly and meets hunter face to face) (Performer)
- Saunsoci, Ardent (Performer)
- Merrick, Joseph (Gioⁿ'zethiⁿge) (None to teach him) (Performer)
- La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932 (Recordist)
- Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923 (Collector)
- La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932 (Collector)
- Created / Published
- Field recordings
- - This song was collected by Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Frances La Flesche. It is included on "Omaha Indian Music: Historical Recordings from the Fletcher/La Flesche Collection" (AFC L71).
- - From the liner notes of the "Omaha Indian Music" album: "I do not want the horses of the Pawnees. I shall not take any more of them." (La Flesche)
- - In traditional Omaha society wolves were naturally associated with wars and warriors. As Fletcher and La Flesche note, "In myths that deal with the creation of the earth . . . man's restlessness, his questionings of fate, his destructiveness, are frequently symbolized by the wolf (1911, p. 171)." The Wolf dance was performed when warriors gathered in their last public appearance before leaving the village, whether on a war party or simply traveling together as a group. The dancers, imitating the movements of the wolf, asked the wolf to share with them his predatory, restless character (1893, pp. 44-45, 123-126; 1911, pp. 416-420).
- - Probable years of birth of Joseph Merrick, Charles Wells, and Ardent Saunsoci are 1845, 1868, and 1858, respectively.
- wax cylinder recording
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1948/123: AFS 20,310: 11a
- Source Collection
- Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
ContributorsFletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham)
La Flesche, Francis
Merrick, Joseph (Gion'zethinge) (None to Teach Him)
Wells, Charles (Ki'baxthagthithon) (Elk Who Comes Back Suddenly and Meets Hunter Face to Face)
Rights assessment is your responsibility.
The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.
The American Folklife Center and the professional fieldworkers who carry out these projects feel a strong ethical responsibility to the people they have visited and who have consented to have their lives documented for the historical record. The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.
The Library of Congress has carefully researched these materials to ascertain possible legal rights embodied in the materials it contains. For the most part, the performers have been identified in this collection. In the case of the pow-wow recordings there are some stray voices which are audible but not identifiable. As is often the case with materials collected in the course of ethnographic field research, however, it is difficult or impossible to sufficiently identify specific songs sung by participants which precludes performing a comprehensive assessment of the copyright status of underlying musical rights in lyrics or compositions. The identification of specific speakers or singers included in sound recordings is also often difficult or sometimes impossible. The songs in this collection were created in traditional genres by anonymous authors and are part of the oral tradition.
Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these collection materials should contact the Folklife Reading Room for assistance.
Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1983 (AFC 1983/026)
1985 Neptune Plaza Concert Series collection (AFC 1985/015)
Omaha Powwow Project collection (AFC 1986/038)
Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1999 (AFC 1999/014)
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Wells, Charles, Ardent Saunsoci, Francis La Flesche, Alice C Fletcher, and Francis La Flesche. Mi'kachi Song. /09, 1895. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000464/. (Accessed January 21, 2017.)
APA citation style:
Wells, C., Saunsoci, A., La Flesche, F., Fletcher, A. C. & La Flesche, F. (1895) Mi'kachi Song. /09. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000464/.
MLA citation style:
Wells, Charles, et al. Mi'kachi Song. /09, 1895. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000464/>.