Audio Recording Mi'kachi Song

About this Item

Mi'kachi Song
Contributor Names
Wells, Charles (Ki'baxthagthithoⁿ) (Elk who comes back suddenly and meets hunter face to face) (Performer)
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932 (Recordist)
Merrick, Joseph (Gioⁿ'zethiⁿge) (None to teach him) (Performer)
Saunsoci, Ardent (Performer)
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923 (Collector)
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932 (Collector)
Created / Published
Field recordings
-  This song was collected by Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Frances La Flesche. It is included on "Omaha Indian Music: Historical Recordings from the Fletcher/La Flesche Collection" (AFC L71).
-  From the liner notes of the "Omaha Indian Music" album:
-  Modern song. Composer Wa-dhi-gha-ge, went on warpath. Went out as scout, saw wolf, thought it was a man. Stole around him carefully and found out he was only a wolf. Then composed this song and sang to the trader. Sung on one of the last excursions. (La Flesche)
-  In traditional Omaha society wolves were naturally associated with wars and warriors. As Fletcher and La Flesche note, "In myths that deal with the creation of the earth . . . man's restlessness, his questionings of fate, his destructiveness, are frequently symbolized by the wolf (1911, p. 171)." The Wolf dance was performed when warriors gathered in their last public appearance before leaving the village, whether on a war party or simply traveling together as a group. The dancers, imitating the movements of the wolf, asked the wolf to share with them his predatory, restless character (1893, pp. 44-45, 123-126; 1911, pp. 416-420).
-  Probable years of birth of Joseph Merrick, Charles Wells, and Ardent Saunsoci are 1845, 1868, and 1858, respectively.
wax cylinder recording
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1948/123: AFS 20,310: 11b
Source Collection
Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
Online Format

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Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)

Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1983 (AFC 1983/026)

1985 Neptune Plaza Concert Series collection (AFC 1985/015)

Omaha Powwow Project collection (AFC 1986/038)

Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1999 (AFC 1999/014)

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Wells, Charles, Francis La Flesche, Ardent Saunsoci, Alice C Fletcher, and Francis La Flesche. Mi'kachi Song. /09, 1895. Audio.

APA citation style:

Wells, C., La Flesche, F., Saunsoci, A., Fletcher, A. C. & La Flesche, F. (1895) Mi'kachi Song. /09. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Wells, Charles, et al. Mi'kachi Song. /09, 1895. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.