Audio Recordings Ritual of the Maize
About this Item
- Ritual of the Maize
- Contributor Names
- Robinson, James (Wakoⁿ'moⁿthiⁿthiⁿ) (Performer)
- Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923 (Collector)
- La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932 (Collector)
- Created / Published
- August 24, 1896
- Field recordings
- - This song was collected by Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche. It is included on "Omaha Indian Music: Historical Recordings from the Fletcher/La Flesche Collection" (AFC L71).
- - From the liner notes of the "Omaha Indian Music" album: The Ritual of the Maize concerned the springtime distribution of kernals from the sacred ears of red corn, and the song accompanying this ritual details the stages in the life of the corn plant from its germination to its fulfillment as a gift to man (1911, pp. 261-269).
- - When maize was discovered the grain was distributed among the people that they might plant and eat of the fruit of their labor, and from that time on it has been the custom to sing the song of the maize and to repeat the distribution of the corn every year at the time of planting (1911, p. 261).
- - James Robinson was the last keeper of the sacred white buffalo hide. His probable year of birth is 1811.
- wax cylinder recording
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1948/123: AFS 20,312: 9
- Source Collection
- Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
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The Library of Congress has carefully researched these materials to ascertain possible legal rights embodied in the materials it contains. For the most part, the performers have been identified in this collection. In the case of the pow-wow recordings there are some stray voices which are audible but not identifiable. As is often the case with materials collected in the course of ethnographic field research, however, it is difficult or impossible to sufficiently identify specific songs sung by participants which precludes performing a comprehensive assessment of the copyright status of underlying musical rights in lyrics or compositions. The identification of specific speakers or singers included in sound recordings is also often difficult or sometimes impossible. The songs in this collection were created in traditional genres by anonymous authors and are part of the oral tradition.
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Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1983 (AFC 1983/026)
1985 Neptune Plaza Concert Series collection (AFC 1985/015)
Omaha Powwow Project collection (AFC 1986/038)
Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1999 (AFC 1999/014)
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For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Robinson, James, Alice C Fletcher, and Francis La Flesche. Ritual of the Maize. 1896. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000473/. (Accessed September 27, 2016.)
APA citation style:
Robinson, J., Fletcher, A. C. & La Flesche, F. (1896) Ritual of the Maize. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000473/.
MLA citation style:
Robinson, James, Alice C Fletcher, and Francis La Flesche. Ritual of the Maize. 1896. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000473/>.