Audio Recordings Bice'waan Song Love Song
About this Item
- Bice'waan Song
- Other Title
- Love Song
- Contributor Names
- Miller, George (Iⁿke'toⁿga) (Big Shoulder) (Performer)
- Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923 (Collector)
- La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932 (Collector)
- Created / Published
- August 24, 1897
- Field recordings
- - This song was collected by Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche. It is included on "Omaha Indian Music: Historical Recordings from the Fletcher/La Flesche Collection" (AFC L71).
- - From the liner notes of the "Omaha Indian Music" album: Composers of love songs used melody and vocables to convey emotion (1893, pp. 53-54, 146-150; 1911, pp. 319-321).
- - The true love-song, called by the Omaha Bethae waan, an old designation and not a descriptive name, is sung generally in the early morning, when the lover is keeping his tryst and watching for the maiden to emerge from the tent and go to the spring. They belong to the secret courtship and are sometimes called Me-the-g'thun wa-an - courting songs. . . . They were sung without drum, bell or rattle, to accent the rhythm, in which these songs is subordinated to tonality and is felt only in the musical phrases. . . . Vibrations for the purpose of giving greater expression were not only affected by the tremolo of the voice, but they were enhanced by waving the hand, or a spray of artemesia before the lips, while the body often swayed gently to the rhythm of the song (Fletcher, 1894, p. 156).
- - George Miller's probable year of birth is 1852.
- wax cylinder recording
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1948/123: AFS 20,313: 2c
- Source Collection
- Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
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The Library of Congress has carefully researched these materials to ascertain possible legal rights embodied in the materials it contains. For the most part, the performers have been identified in this collection. In the case of the pow-wow recordings there are some stray voices which are audible but not identifiable. As is often the case with materials collected in the course of ethnographic field research, however, it is difficult or impossible to sufficiently identify specific songs sung by participants which precludes performing a comprehensive assessment of the copyright status of underlying musical rights in lyrics or compositions. The identification of specific speakers or singers included in sound recordings is also often difficult or sometimes impossible. The songs in this collection were created in traditional genres by anonymous authors and are part of the oral tradition.
Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these collection materials should contact the Folklife Reading Room for assistance.
Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)
Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1983 (AFC 1983/026)
1985 Neptune Plaza Concert Series collection (AFC 1985/015)
Omaha Powwow Project collection (AFC 1986/038)
Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1999 (AFC 1999/014)
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For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Miller, George, Alice C Fletcher, and Francis La Flesche. Bice'waan Song. 1897. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000482/. (Accessed January 21, 2017.)
APA citation style:
Miller, G., Fletcher, A. C. & La Flesche, F. (1897) Bice'waan Song. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000482/.
MLA citation style:
Miller, George, Alice C Fletcher, and Francis La Flesche. Bice'waan Song. 1897. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/omhbib000482/>.