June 29, 2006 Arabic Calligraphy Sheets from 9th to 19th Centuries Available Online
More than 350 Works Feature Extraordinary Works of Calligraphic Art
Public Contact: Guy Lamolinara (202) 707-9217
A collection of Arabic script calligraphy sheets dating from the 9th to 19th centuries is now available on the Library of Congress’ Global Gateway Web site at http://international.loc.gov/intldl/apochtml/apochome.html.
During the late 1920s, early 1930s and 1990s the Library of Congress acquired a large collection of Arabic script calligraphy sheets. Almost all of the sheets were acquired from Kirkor Minassian of New York and Paris. The remaining sheets were acquired by the Library’s field office in Islamabad, Pakistan, with permission from the Pakistani government to acquire and export calligraphic materials belonging to a Pakistani citizen. The approximately 355 sheets placed online are all the Islamic calligraphic items in the Library’s collections, housed in the African and Middle Eastern Division.
Calligraphy was a skill to be mastered, and it was heavily used to express religious sentiment and many other aspects of personal and cultural life. Calligraphic art developed gradually over the centuries and has been the subject of numerous studies analyzing its role in the faith, culture and art of Arabic-, Persian- and Turkish-speaking lands.
A majority of the calligraphy sheets in the collection are written on paper; however, a group of Quranic fragments from the 9th and 10th centuries are inscribed on parchment.
This collection showcases stunning examples of calligraphic art, including illuminated panels, albums and poems. In addition to the individual calligraphy sheets, this presentation contains essays on Ottoman and Persian calligraphic styles, an in-depth look at Quranic calligraphic fragments and an essay discussing some of the Library’s notable Arabic script calligraphy sheets and illuminations.
This online presentation of “Selections of Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Calligraphy” joins other world history collections available on the Library of Congress’ Global Gateway Web site at http://international.loc.gov/intldl/intldlhome.html. This Web site features the extraordinary international collections of the Library of Congress as well as those of its partners from libraries in Brazil, Spain, the Netherlands, France and Russia. The presentations for these five nations are bilingual -- in both English and the language of the country represented.
Global Gateway also makes available such rare items as “The Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake,” “The Lewis Carroll Scrapbook” and “Selections from the Naxi Manuscript Collection,” which documents ceremonial writings of the Naxi people of China, who write using the only living pictographic language in the world.