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Book/Printed Material Three years in California [1846-1849]

About this Item


  • Three years in California [1846-1849]


  • Walter Colton (1797-1851) of Vermont had a career as clergyman and journalist before sailing to California as naval chaplain of the Congress. In July 1846, Commodore Stockton named him alcalde of Monterey, a post to which he was elected a few months later. He remained in California until 1849, using his time to found the state's first newspaper and building its first schoolhouse. Three years in California (1850) contains Colton's memoirs of that period, including descriptions of the U.S. military occupation of California, social life and customs of Monterey, discovery of gold and firsthand impressions of the Sonora mining camp in the Southern Mines, visits to Stockton and San Jos,̌ John Charles Frm̌ont, the Constitutional Convention of 1849, and California missions.


  • Colton, Walter, 1797-1851.

Created / Published

  • New York, A.S. Barnes & co.; Cincinnati, H.W. Derby & co., 1850.


  • -  California--History--1846-1850--Sources
  • -  California--Description and travel
  • -  Colton, Walter,--1797-1851
  • -  Law--Political aspects--California
  • -  Mines and mineral resources--California
  • -  Business--California


  • -  Facsimile: "Declaration of rights in the constitution of California, and the signatures of the members of the Convention."
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site.


  • 456 p. front., plates, ports. map, fold. facsim. 19 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • F865 .C7
  • F865 .C7 Copy 2 Copy 2.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • rc01000774

Rights Advisory

  • No known restrictions on publication.

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf
  • online text

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

"California as I Saw It:" First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900.

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, [appropriate source division as described in the bibliographic record]. For example: Library of Congress, General Collections; or, Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Colton, Walter. Three years in California -1849. New York, A.S. Barnes & co.; Cincinnati, H.W. Derby & co, 1850. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Colton, W. (1850) Three years in California -1849. New York, A.S. Barnes & co.; Cincinnati, H.W. Derby & co. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Colton, Walter. Three years in California -1849. New York, A.S. Barnes & co.; Cincinnati, H.W. Derby & co, 1850. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.