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Photo, Print, Drawing Charleston Navy Yard , Quarters J, 311 Navy Way, North Charleston, Charleston County, SC

[ Drawings from Survey HABS SC-691-B  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS SC-691-B  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Charleston Navy Yard , Quarters J, 311 Navy Way, North Charleston, Charleston County, SC

Names

  • Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
  • Olmsted Brothers
  • Olmsted, John Charles
  • U.S. Navy
  • Public Works Administration
  • Amis, Matt, field team
  • Barrett, Alix, field team
  • Betcher, Nathan, field team
  • Biggers, Samuel R, field team
  • Bushemi, Claire, field team
  • Cooper, Andrea, field team
  • Fesak, Mary, field team
  • Gallotta, Kate, field team supervisor
  • Martin, Katie, field team
  • Inthavong, Diana, field team
  • Lindsey, Lauren, field team
  • Lyles, Steven, field team
  • McCollum, Torie, field team
  • Poston, Kristina, field team
  • Leifeste, Amalia, faculty sponsor
  • Clemson University / College of Charleston, sponsor
  • McPartland, Mary, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1933

Headings

  • -  naval yards & naval stations
  • -  officers' quarters
  • -  housing
  • -  military organizations
  • -  schools
  • -  Colonial Revival architectural elements
  • -  T-plan buildings
  • -  cross gables
  • -  Works Progress Administration
  • -  South Carolina--Charleston County--North Charleston

Latitude / Longitude

  • 32.868187,-79.969556

Notes

  • -  2018 Charles E. Peterson Prize, Entry
  • -  Significance: As an integral part of the Charleston Navy Yard Officers' Quarters historic district, Quarters J is both regionally and nationally significant. Prior to the land being developed into the navy base, the Olmsted Brothers landscape architecture firm developed a "pleasure ground" named Chicora Park in 1896. Although the grounds were purchased by the U.S. Navy in 1901 with the aim to develop a naval base, many of the landscaping features established from the Olmsted plans can still be seen within the overlay of early 20th century naval complex infrastructure. In the run up to the First World War, Charleston Navy Yard became the largest ship yard in the United States. This included the development of officers' quarters, including Quarters J which was originally built as a schoolhouse in 1917. This function was crucial to the development of the navy complex during this period, when the Navy took care of the needs of navy workers and their families who lived and worked on the somewhat remote complex. The inter-war years were a period of great growth and development for the Charleston Navy Yard, particularly due to funding from New Deal programs such as the Public Works Administration (PWA), and the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The need for housing, and the outsourcing of amenities, such as schooling, to nearby municipalities, prompted the conversion of the building from a schoolhouse to an officers' quarters in 1934. Along with alterations and an addition, a garage was constructed to the south of Quarters J. Following the U.S entry into the Second World War, the navy base continued to grow and develop, leading to the final renovations to Quarters J in 1942. In this building campaign the maid's quarters were relocated to an addition built on to the garage building. Quarters J fulfilled its function as an officer's quarters up until 1996 when operations at the Charleston Naval Base ceased, causing all officers' quarters to be vacated. Having served naval officers, their families, and the greater community as a place of education and residence through two world wars and beyond, Quarters J continues to architecturally embody several significant periods of American history. The rich Olmstedian landscape surrounding Quarters J remains a defining feature of the property's context, and the building remains a significant contributing structure to the overall integrity of the Historic District.
  • -  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N2300
  • -  Survey number: HABS SC-691-B
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1917 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1934 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1942 Subsequent Work
  • -  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 07000100

Medium

  • Measured Drawing(s): 10
  • Data Page(s): 6

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HABS SC-691-B

Source Collection

  • Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Control Number

  • sc1230

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

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  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: HABS SC-691-B
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Olmsted Brothers, John Charles Olmsted, U.S. Navy, Public Works Administration, Matt Amis, Alix Barrett, et al. Charleston Navy Yard , Quarters J, 311 Navy Way, North Charleston, Charleston County, SC. North Charleston South Carolina Charleston County, 1933. translateds by Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/sc1230/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Olmsted Brothers, Olmsted, J. C., U.S. Navy, Public Works Administration, Amis, M. [...] Clemson University / College Of Charleston, S. (1933) Charleston Navy Yard , Quarters J, 311 Navy Way, North Charleston, Charleston County, SC. North Charleston South Carolina Charleston County, 1933. McPartland, M., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/sc1230/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al. Charleston Navy Yard , Quarters J, 311 Navy Way, North Charleston, Charleston County, SC. trans by Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/sc1230/>.