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Newspaper Delaware Gazette and American Watchman (Wilmington, Del.) 1828-1837 Delaware gazette & American watchman / Gazette & watchman / Gazette and watchman

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About Delaware Gazette and American Watchman (Wilmington, Del.) 1828-1837

In 1785, Jacob Killian founded Delaware’s first successful newspaper, the Delaware Gazette in Wilmington. Similar to other newspapers of the time, it was devoted to foreign news and national politics with some attention also to local politics and advertisements. It continued to be published with varying frequency until 1883.

By 1789, Frederick Craig and Company took over the Delaware Gazette, which now appeared each Wednesday and Saturday.

During 1796-97, the paper was printed by William Smyth on Shipley Street in Wilmington, and it went through multiple owners over the next several decades. In its early years, the Gazette advocated for the Federalist cause. However, support for the Federalist Party in Delaware was declining, as public sentiment shifted toward the Democratic Party. As a result, in 1828, the Delaware Gazette formally supported General Andrew Jackson for President.

Beginning in 1820, the Delaware Gazette moved from weekly to semiweekly publication. In December 1828 and under the leadership of Samuel Harker, the Delaware Gazette absorbed two other Delaware newspapers, the Patriot and the American Watchman. Following the merger, the Delaware Gazette was renamed the Delaware Gazette and American Watchman.

The newspaper again went through several decades of ownership by multiple individuals and partnerships. In 1858, Caleb P. Johnson became the sole owner and remained such for almost thirty years, providing the newspaper with more consistent leadership. Johnson succeeded in making the Delaware Gazette the most influential Democratic newspaper in the state. In fact, its publishing office served as the Democratic Party headquarters, and the Gazette became known as the “Democratic Bible”.

Under Johnson’s tenure, the paper appeared weekly as the Delaware Gazette; in 1872, it began publishing a daily edition, the Wilmington Daily Gazette. On August 21, 1874, the title of the latter was shortened to the Daily Gazette. At the time of Johnson’s retirement in 1882, the Delaware Gazette had been in continuous operation of 97 years as either a weekly, semiweekly, or daily paper.

In 1878, the Daily Gazette joined with the Every Evening to become the Every Evening, Wilmington Daily Commercial. On December 10, 1883, the weekly Delaware Gazette merged with the Every Evening’s weekly publication to become the Delaware Gazette and State Journal.

Provided By: University of Delaware Library, Newark, DE

About this Newspaper


  • Delaware Gazette and American Watchman (Wilmington, Del.) 1828-1837

Other Title

  • Delaware gazette & American watchman
  • Gazette & watchman
  • Gazette and watchman

Dates of Publication

  • 1828-1837

Created / Published

  • Wilmington, Del. : Samuel Harker, 1828-1837.


  • -  Wilmington (Del.)--Newspapers
  • -  Delaware--Wilmington
  • -  United States--Delaware--New Castle--Wilmington


  • Newspapers


  • -  Semiweekly
  • -  New ser., v. 9, no. 916 (Dec. 12, 1828) ; -v. 23, no. 2393 (Mar. 17, 1837).
  • -  Published as: Delaware gazette & American watchman, June 1831-.
  • -  Issues for also called: .
  • -  Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • -  Weekly ed.: Delaware gazette & American watchman (Wilmington, Del. : 1833), 1833-183 .
  • -  Delaware gazette (Wilmington, Del. : 1837) 2638-132X (DLC)sn 82014937 (OCoLC)8801156


  • 10 volumes : illustrations (chiefly advertisements) ; 58 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • Newspaper
  • AN13.W5

Library of Congress Control Number

  • sn82014936

OCLC Number

  • 8801113

ISSN Number

  • 2638-101x

Preceding Titles

Succeeding Titles

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Rights & Access

The Library of Congress believes that the newspapers in Chronicling America are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions. Newspapers published in the United States more than 95 years ago are in the public domain in their entirety. Any newspapers in Chronicling America that were published less than 95 years ago are also believed to be in the public domain, but may contain some copyrighted third party materials. Researchers using newspapers published less than 95 years ago should be alert for modern content (for example, registered and renewed for copyright and published with notice) that may be copyrighted. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Delaware Gazette and American Watchman Wilmington, Del. -1837. (Wilmington, DE), Jan. 1 1828.

APA citation style:

(1828, January 1) Delaware Gazette and American Watchman Wilmington, Del. -1837. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Delaware Gazette and American Watchman Wilmington, Del. -1837. (Wilmington, DE) 1 Jan. 1828. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,