Top of page

Newspaper Gazette of the United-States (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793

View All Front Pages

About Gazette of the United-States (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793

The Gazette of the United States was the leading Federalist newspaper of the late 18th century, a time of intense partisan politics. Adopting the motto, “he that is not for us, is against us,” the newspaper was a staunch defender of the Federalist administration and a ruthless attacker of its critics. Editor John Fenno began the Gazette as a semiweekly newspaper, with the first edition appearing on April 15, 1789, in New York City, the nation’s capital at the time. Its biggest supporter was Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who organized its initial funding and was a primary, albeit anonymous, contributor of letters and essays.

The Gazette moved to Philadelphia in 1791, following the move of the capital to that city. The four-page, three-column newspaper included much foreign news, political essays, letters, and news reports, with little to no distinction between the news and editorial comment. Fenno had initially excluded advertising, as he felt it would lower the tone of the newspaper, but he eventually added paid notices.

Throughout its existence, the Gazette engaged in rivalry with two leading Republican Party organs. From 1791 to 1793, Philip Freneau’s National Gazette opposed the Gazette at every turn. Their bitter partisanship alienated readers, causing both newspapers to suffer. The Gazette of the United States suspended publication after September 18, 1793, while the National Gazette published its last issue on October 26, 1793.

Fenno’s Gazette resumed publishing as a daily on December 11, 1793, under the name Gazette of the United States & Evening Advertiser. Its new Republican opponent was Benjamin Franklin Bache’s newspaper, commonly known as the Aurora. Although the capital moved to Washington in 1800, the Gazette remained in Philadelphia, and its distance from the center of government reduced its influence. Moreover, the Federalists whom the paper and its editors had supported so loyally, were no longer in government, and the party itself was starting to fade.

Still, the Gazette persisted for a number of years, despite continuous changes in its name. It became the Gazette of the United States and Daily Evening Advertiser on June 12, 1794; the Gazette of the United States on July 1, 1795; the Gazette of the United States, & Philadelphia Daily Advertiser on July 1, 1796; and the Gazette of the United States, & Daily Advertiser on June 28, 1800. On November 2, 1801, the paper reverted to its earlier title: the Gazette of the United States, known after February 20, 1804, as the United States’ Gazette. The Gazette finally ceased operations on March 7, 1818, when it merged with the True American.

Provided By: Library of Congress, Washington, DC

About this Newspaper


  • Gazette of the United-States (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793

Dates of Publication

  • 1789-1793

Created / Published

  • New-York [N.Y.] : J. Fenno, 1789-1793.


  • -  Philadelphia (Pa.)--Newspapers
  • -  Philadelphia County (Pa.)--Newspapers
  • -  New York (N.Y.)--Newspapers
  • -  New York County (N.Y.)--Newspapers
  • -  New York (State)--New York
  • -  New York (State)--New York County
  • -  Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • -  Pennsylvania--Philadelphia County
  • -  United States--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--Philadelphia
  • -  United States--New York--New York--New York


  • Newspapers


  • -  Semiweekly
  • -  No. 1 (Apr. 15, 1789)-no. 104 (Apr. 10, 1790) ; v. 2, no. 105 (Apr. 14, 1790)-v. 2, no. 110 (May 1, 1790) ; v. 2, no. 7 (May, 5, 1790)-v. 4, no. 136 (Sept. 18, 1793) = Whole no. [1]-whole no. 458.
  • -  Published at Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 3, 1790-1793.
  • -  Numbering is irregular.
  • -  Also issued in microform from Readex Microprint Corp. and on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
  • -  Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • -  Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser (DLC)sn 83025878 (OCoLC)9855762


  • 4 volumes

Call Number/Physical Location

  • Newspaper

Library of Congress Control Number

  • sn83030483

OCLC Number

  • 9529277

ISSN Number

  • 2474-0942

Succeeding Titles

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress believes that the newspapers in Chronicling America are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions. Newspapers published in the United States more than 95 years ago are in the public domain in their entirety. Any newspapers in Chronicling America that were published less than 95 years ago are also believed to be in the public domain, but may contain some copyrighted third party materials. Researchers using newspapers published less than 95 years ago should be alert for modern content (for example, registered and renewed for copyright and published with notice) that may be copyrighted. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

The NEH awardee responsible for producing each digital object is presented in the Chronicling America page display, below the page image – e.g. Image produced by the Library of Congress. For more information on current NDNP awardees, see

For more information on Library of Congress policies and disclaimers regarding rights and reproductions, see

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Gazette of the United-States New-York N.Y. -1793. (Philadelphia, PA), Jan. 1 1789.

APA citation style:

(1789, January 1) Gazette of the United-States New-York N.Y. -1793. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Gazette of the United-States New-York N.Y. -1793. (Philadelphia, PA) 1 Jan. 1789. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,