Newspaper Hawaii Holomua (Honolulu) 1891-1895 Hawaii puka-la holomua
About Hawaii Holomua (Honolulu) 1891-1895
The Hawaii Holomua has a complicated publication history. On May 2, 1891, publication of the Hawaii Holomua began in four versions: the daily and weekly Hawaiian language editions and the daily and weekly bilingual Hawaiian and English versions. In 1893, the Holomua Publishing Company purchased the Hawaii Holomua, and the first issue of the paper’s English-only daily was published on September 18, 1893. This version replaced its bilingual daily and weekly editions, but the Hawaiian language daily and weekly editions continued to be published. Titled the Hawaii Progress Holomua, the English-only edition was published every afternoon except Sundays and holidays. In four to five pages, each issue contained local news, editorials, advertisements, legal notices, schedules (including mail service, ship arrivals and departures, and sports), and various columns (including personal notes and church services). Circulation of its various editions was estimated to be 5,000.
Throughout its history the Hawaii Holomua supported the Hawaiian monarchy. First appearing nine months after the overthrow of the monarchy, the English edition opposed the Provisional Government, established in 1893 after the overthrow and the Republic of Hawaiʻi, launched in 1894. It was the only paper in Hawaiʻi to publish deposed Queen Liliʻuokalani’s protest against the overthrow and her appeal to the U.S. President Grover Cleveland. Edmund Norrie, editor of the English edition, labeled the new regime a “Bogus Hawaiian Republic” and a “fraudulent government.” He wrote that most people in Hawaiʻi opposed the Provisional Government and observed in the December 21, 1893, issue, “For the provisional government to pretend to represent the Hawaiian people is an outrageous absurdity, induced by their fear of taking a vote of the people, knowing that it would overthrow them.” In the February 13, 1894, issue of the Hawaii Progress Holomua, Norrie complained about the annexationists’ economic boycotts against opponents: “[The annexationists] have in their business relations as shown done all in their power to injure parties who differ from them [sic] political opinion.”
Between 1893 and 1895, due to its fear of opposition papers encouraging a counterrevolution, the Hawaiʻi government created libel laws to discourage papers from “indecent and seditious language” and “conspiracy and restricted freedom of speech. For expressing his views against the government, Norrie was arrested five times and was made to pay a fine of $100 three times.
The Hawaii Progress Holomua abruptly ceased publication after its last issue of January 5, 1895. The next day a three-day counterrevolution to restore the Hawaiian monarchy broke out in Hawaiʻi. As a result, the government jailed Norrie and other nationalist journalists. Upon his release, Norrie served as the editor of the Independent from June 1895 to 1902 and continued to support Hawaiian nationalism and to attack the non-Native government of Hawaiʻi.Provided By: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
About this Newspaper
- Hawaii Holomua (Honolulu) 1891-1895
- Hawaii puka-la holomua
- Spencer, Thomas P.
- Kenyon, G. C.
- Sheldon, J. G. M. (John G. M.)
Dates of Publication
Created / Published
- Honolulu : Hui Hoolaha Nupepa Hawaii Holomua
- - Honolulu (Hawaii)--Newspapers
- - Hawaii--Newspapers
- - Hawaiians--Newspapers
- - Hawaiians
- - Hawaii
- - Hawaii--Honolulu
- - United States--Hawaii--Honolulu--Honolulu
- - Daily (except Sat.-Sun.)
- - Began in May 1891; ceased in 1895. Cf. Mookini, E.K. Hawaiian newspapers.
- - Editors: T.P. Spencer, G.C. Kenyon, J.G.M. Sheldon. Cf. Mookini, E.K. Hawaiian newspapers.
- - Beginning with Feb. 1, 1894 issue, vol. numbering repeats from buke 1, helu 1.
- - Archived issues are available in digital format as part of the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
- - In Hawaiian.
- - Issued simultaneously with daily bilingual (Hawaiian/English) ed. of the same title: Hawaii holomua.
- - Description based on: Feberuari 1, 1894.
- 5 volumes : illustrations
Call Number/Physical Location
Library of Congress Control Number
Additional Metadata Formats
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress believes that the newspapers in Chronicling America are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions. Newspapers published in the United States more than 95 years ago are in the public domain in their entirety. Any newspapers in Chronicling America that were published less than 95 years ago are also believed to be in the public domain, but may contain some copyrighted third party materials. Researchers using newspapers published less than 95 years ago should be alert for modern content (for example, registered and renewed for copyright and published with notice) that may be copyrighted. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.
The NEH awardee responsible for producing each digital object is presented in the Chronicling America page display, below the page image – e.g. Image produced by the Library of Congress. For more information on current NDNP awardees, see https://www.loc.gov/ndnp/listawardees.html.
For more information on Library of Congress policies and disclaimers regarding rights and reproductions, see https://www.loc.gov/homepage/legal.html
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Hawaii Holomua Honolulu -1895. (Honolulu, HI), Jan. 1 1891. https://www.loc.gov/item/sn85047059/.
APA citation style:
(1891, January 1) Hawaii Holomua Honolulu -1895. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/sn85047059/.
MLA citation style:
Hawaii Holomua Honolulu -1895. (Honolulu, HI) 1 Jan. 1891. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, www.loc.gov/item/sn85047059/.