Top of page

Newspaper White Oaks Golden Era (White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M.) 188?-18??

View All Front Pages

About White Oaks Golden Era (White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M.) 188?-18??

Located in Lincoln County, White Oaks is on New Mexico 349, 12 miles northeast of Carrizozo. In 1879, three prospectors discovered gold at this location, and soon a mining camp named White Oaks Spring sprouted. It was named after the two springs situated several miles from the mining town. Both the gold mine and the nearby mining camp flourished and soon attracted a number of journalists. By 1884, White Oaks had 1,000 residents, and in the years that followed it was known as the liveliest town in the territory. Yet, despite the hopes of the residents, the railroad never came to White Oaks. After the gold mines were depleted, people began drifting away and White Oaks started its long decline.

The White Oaks Golden Era, founded in December 1880, was the town’s very first paper. It was a weekly, English only, politically unaffiliated publication. Subscriptions sold for $3.00 per year, $2.00 for six months, and $1.10 for three months. The White Oaks Golden Era advertised itself as the oldest paper in Lincoln County. The first known editor and publisher are J.H. Wise and G.W. Pritchard. During its lifetime, the White Oaks Golden Era reported local, territorial, national and international news, covering for example the assassination of President Garfield in September 1881. By 1883, the White Oaks Golden Era‘s masthead included a motto that read “New Mexico as a state; The Development of its resources and the elevation of its people.” In April 1884, an article appeared about suffragist Susan B. Anthony, describing her as “the great agitator of woman’s right to be equal with men at the ballot box.”

News relating to and about stock was important to the town of White Oaks. The front page of the Golden Era mostly reported on issues related to livestock under a column titled Stock News. The entire middle page contained information about cattle. It included a hand-drawn picture of the animals with the brand, the particular location of which owner the animal was identified, and the address of the owner. The paper also covered stock laws governing the management of cattle, reported on the activities of the stock association, and announced rewards offered for recovered livestock, along with providing descriptions of the missing or stolen animals. The section of the White Oakes Golden Era reporting stolen or missing stock was the only part of the paper that made use of the Spanish language.

After a period of rapid turnover in editors and publishers, the White Oaks Golden Era ceased publication in July 1884. The paper moved to the nearby town of Lincoln whose citizens demanded a paper to serve the county seat. The White Oaks Golden Era acknowledged their wishes, noting that “they [had] moved for the interest of the county at large.” On July 17, 1884, the paper assumed the new title Golden Era.

Provided By: University of New Mexico

About this Newspaper


  • White Oaks Golden Era (White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M.) 188?-18??

Dates of Publication

  • 188?-18??

Created / Published

  • White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M. : J.C.O. Morse & Co.


  • -  White Oaks (N.M.)--Newspapers
  • -  Lincoln County (N.M.)--Newspapers
  • -  New Mexico--Lincoln County
  • -  New Mexico--White Oaks
  • -  United States--New Mexico--Lincoln--White Oaks


  • Newspapers


  • -  Weekly
  • -  Also on microfilm: Las Vegas, N.M. : New Mexico HIghlands Universty Library.
  • -  Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • -  Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 42 (Sept. 29, 1881).
  • -  Golden era (Lincoln, N.M.) 2375-6152 (DLC)sn 92070445 (OCoLC)26154695


  • v.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • Newspaper

Library of Congress Control Number

  • sn93061641

OCLC Number

  • 28082108

ISSN Number

  • 2375-8805

Succeeding Titles

Additional Metadata Formats


Rights & Access

The Library of Congress believes that the newspapers in Chronicling America are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions. Newspapers published in the United States more than 95 years ago are in the public domain in their entirety. Any newspapers in Chronicling America that were published less than 95 years ago are also believed to be in the public domain, but may contain some copyrighted third party materials. Researchers using newspapers published less than 95 years ago should be alert for modern content (for example, registered and renewed for copyright and published with notice) that may be copyrighted. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

The NEH awardee responsible for producing each digital object is presented in the Chronicling America page display, below the page image – e.g. Image produced by the Library of Congress. For more information on current NDNP awardees, see

For more information on Library of Congress policies and disclaimers regarding rights and reproductions, see

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

White Oaks Golden Era White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M. 188?-18??. (White Oaks, NM), 188?.

APA citation style:

(188?) White Oaks Golden Era White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M. 188?-18??. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

White Oaks Golden Era White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M. 188?-18??. (White Oaks, NM) 188?. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,