Thornton Niven Wilder was born April 17, 1897, in Madison, Wisconsin. Arguably one of the greatest playwrights of the twentieth century, Wilder is the only writer to win Pulitzer Prizes for both literature and drama.
Son of a U.S. diplomat, Wilder spent part of his childhood in China. After serving in the U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps during World War I, he earned his B.A. at Yale University in 1920. Six years later, his first novel, The Cabala, was published. In 1927, The Bridge of San Luis Rey brought commercial success and his first Pulitzer Prize. From 1930 to 1937 he taught at the University of Chicago.
This is the way we were: in our growing up and in our marrying and in our living and in our dying.
Thornton Wilder, Our Town, Act 1
Wilder’s dramatic works include the Pulitzer Prize winning plays Our Town and The Skin of Our Teeth. Set in fictional Grover’s Corners, New Hampshire, Our Town (1938) employs a choric narrator called the “Stage Manager,” and a minimalist set to underscore the universality of human experience. The Skin of Our Teeth debuted in 1942 with Fredric March and Tallulah Bankhead in the lead roles. The themes are familiar—war, pestilence, economic depression, and fire. Ignoring the limits of time and space, just four main characters and three acts are used to review the history of mankind.
Wilder authored seven novels, three major full-length plays, as well as a variety of shorter works including essays, one-act plays, and scholarly articles. Greatly transformed, his play The Matchmaker became the Broadway and film hit Hello, Dolly!. His last novel, Theophilus North, was published in 1973. Wilder died in his sleep on December 7, 1975.
- Wilder is just one of forty-one authors and playwrights photographed by Carl Van Vechten and available in the Van Vechten Collection. Also available is a biography of Van Vechten.
- Search Today in History on writer to find additional features on American authors including pages on Wilder’s contemporary F. Scott Fitzgerald and his good friend Gertrude Stein.
- See what Wilder’s contemporaries such as Orson Welles were doing in the theater. Visit the collection Federal Theatre Project, 1935 to 1939. Read the illustrated articles on the project to learn more about innovative theater of the 1930s.
- Visit the Pulitzer Prize Web site External for a list of the most recent prizewinners External as well as winners from years past.