On January 6, 1945, George Herbert Walker Bush, on leave from active duty in World War II, married former Smith College student Barbara Pierce. The bride was twenty years old—the groom her senior by just one year. George Bush enlisted in the Navy the day he graduated from Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. Still eighteen when commissioned in June 1943, Bush became the youngest pilot in the United States Navy. Following the war, he attended Yale University and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1948.
After a career in the Texas oil industry, Bush entered national politics. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1966 and 1968. During the 1970s, he held several key government positions including United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in the People’s Republic of China, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
Twice selected to be Ronald Reagan‘s running mate, George Bush was elected president in 1988. As president, he guided the United States out of the Cold War, presided over a U.S. victory in the Persian Gulf, and proved an effective advocate of free trade.
Barbara Bush raised six children while assisting her husband in his business and political career. Over the course of their marriage, Mrs. Bush organized twenty-nine family moves. Like many women of her generation, Barbara Bush volunteered in a variety of social and humanitarian causes. During her years as wife of the vice president and later as first lady, Mrs. Bush championed family literacy—an issue she continues actively to support.
On January 6, 1993, Dizzy Gillespie, the last of the primary originators of Be-Bop jazz, died in Englewood, New Jersey. The trumpeter-composer-bandleader had laid the foundation of modern jazz with pianist Thelonius Monk, drummer Kenny Clarke, guitarist Charlie Christian, and alto saxophonist Charlie “Yardbird” Parker.
Be-bop is a way of phrasing and accenting. The accent is on the up beat. Instead of OO-bah it’s oo-BAH. Different chords too. And lots of flatted 5ths and 9ths. There’s lots more to it. But just now I can’t think of what.
In the 1940s, jazz thrived at venues such as the Three Deuces, the Troubador, and the Famous Door which shared the stretch of 52nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues with strip clubs and restaurants. The area was alternately refered to as “Swing Lane” and “Be-Bop Alley” and often simply called “The Street.”
Dizzy and his fellow innovators frequently gathered at Minton’s Playhouse in Harlem for after-hours jam sessions. The men favored complicated chord changes and rapid syncopated rhythms due in large part to their effect of frightening away less-talented musicians who would have wanted to join in had they felt capable.
Gillespie thrilled audiences with his effortless combination of heart-stopping talent and irrepressible showmanship and made incalculable contributions to jazz throughout his career, championing Afro-Cuban jazz and influencing such musical behemoths as Miles Davis. Dizzy continued to play until the end of his life. He toured far-flung locales making his bent trumpet, moon cheeks, and compositions such as “Night in Tunisia,” “Manteca,” and “Birks Works” recognizable to jazz fans around the world.
New York—This is what the customers miss when the Diz directs his band, back to the audience. In the first photo we find an appealing lullaby-like attitude, indicating the gentle treatment. Picture two makes one wonder what good the mike would do inside Gillespie. Climax comes in the third shot. It seems a little hard for Dizzy to believe what he hears. Last, the final bow of exhaustion, and the work on one number is over.
Why must you wear a goatee to play good hot horn? Strictly utilitarian, man…strictly utilitarian! Nothing faddish about it. First, it gives my lips strength. You know what hair did for Sampson. It’s protection, too. Can’t afford to let a razor get too close to those chops.