Robertson was fortunate as 28,063 Confederates and 23,049 Union soldiers were killed or wounded at Gettysburg. President Lincoln paid tribute to the Union soldiers’ sacrifice in the Gettysburg Address, delivered at the dedication of a National Cemetery at Gettysburg on November 19, 1863.
I was captured at the battle of Gettysburg in Longstreet’s charge and was taken to Fort Delaware, an island of 90 acres of land where the Union prisoners were kept. We were detailed to work in the fields and our rations was corn bread and pickled beef. However I fared better than some of the prisoners for I was given the privilege of making jewelry for the use of the Union soldiers. I made rings from the buttons from their overcoats and when they were polished the brass made very nice looking rings. These I sold to the soldiers of the Union Army who were our guards and with the money thus obtained I could buy food and clothing. The Union guards kept a commissary and they had a big supply of chocolate. I ate chocolate candy and drank hot chocolate in place of coffee until I have never wanted any chocolate since.
“John H. Robertson,” Marlin, Texas, Miss Effie Cowan, interviewer, ca. 1936-40. American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1940. Manuscript Division
- Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division’s First 100 Years contains the order for Pickett’s Charge from General James Longstreet to Colonel Edward P. Alexander and copies of Alexander’s battlefield dispatches to Longstreet and Gen. George E. Pickett during the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863.
- Many Civil War veterans spoke of a 1913 Battle of Gettysburg reunion in American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1940.
- Search on Gettysburg in Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints to find more photographs of the Battle of Gettysburg. This collection also includes a timeline of the Civil War.
- Detroit Publishing Company
- Horydczak Collection
- Panoramic Photographs
- Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 External contains “Pickets Charge MarchExternal,” which was “composed and dedicated to the Northern Army of Virginia.”
- Browse Civil War Maps by subject, place, creator, or title for views of more than 2,600 Civil War maps and charts as well as atlases and sketchbooks.