Brewing magnate August Anheuser Busch Jr. was born March 28, 1899, in St. Louis, Missouri. Scion of the famous brewing family, Busch served as chairman of the Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. from 1946-1975. During his tenure, the company that his grandfather Adolphus Busch established, emerged as the largest brewery in the world.
Adolphus Busch came to America from Germany in 1857, settling in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1864, he began working with his father-in-law Eberhard Anheuser at the latter’s brewery, E. Anheuser & Co. In 1873 the company’s brewing technicians discovered a way to pasteurize beer, resulting in the national distribution of their product. That same year, Busch became a full partner with his father-in-law; they renamed the company the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association in 1879. By 1900, Anheuser-Busch was the world’s largest brewery. The company also developed a beer that was lighter than those commonly sold at the time. This beer, named Budweiser, ultimately became the world’s best-selling beer.
In February 1953, August Anheuser Busch Jr. convinced his company’s board of directors to purchase the St. Louis Cardinals, halting the team’s impending move to another city. Busch’s action was a relief to local baseball fans. He became a familiar figure at Cardinal games, entering Busch Memorial Stadium behind a team of his company’s famous Clydesdale horses.
Among the baseball greats associated with the Cardinals are legendary pitcher Cy Young, who played for the team from 1899-1901, and manager, Branch Rickey.
- Search on brewery across the Library’s digital collections or in any of the following collections to find material related to the manufacture of malt beverages.
- Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey In particular, see the survey of the Anheuser-Busch Brewery, St. Louis, Missouri
- Buckaroos in Paradise: Ranching Culture in Northern Nevada, 1945 to 1982
- Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives
- Horydczak Collection
- Examine early baseball cards in the Baseball Cards collection. Search on Cardinals to view more than 60 cards featuring players from that team. Or, search by Player, Team, League, City, or Card Set.
- Review a Bibliography of Published Baseball Music and Songs posted by the Library’s Performing Arts Reading Room.
- Learn more about Rickey in Breaking the Color Line: 1940-1946.
- Search on Busch or brewing industry in Gottscho-Schleisner Collection to see a series of architectural photographs of commercial buildings owned by the Busch family in New York and Massachusetts.
- Rickey’s scouting report on Don Drysdale is featured in Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division’s First 100 Years .
- A search on baseball in Spalding Base Ball Guides, 1889 to 1939 yields both the official base ball guides and the official indoor base ball guides as well as their constitutions for the above years.
- Search for more information about Busch, his brewery, baseball teams, or individual baseball players in the historic American newspapers featured in Chronicling America.