Audio Recording Interview H0001: with Drakten [Tib. grags bstan], (India, October 1992)

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About this Item

Title
Interview H0001: with Drakten [Tib. grags bstan], (India, October 1992)
Contributor Names
Paljor Tsarong (interviewer)
Goldstein, Melvyn (editor)
Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] -- b. 1935 (interviewee)
Created / Published
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
Subject Headings
-  Political History Collection
Notes
-  India (place of recording)
-  The interview was conducted and recorded in Tibetan and translated into English. (contents)
-  Interview in Tibetan.
-  This document is part of the Political History Collection of the Tibetan Oral History and Archive Project, edited by Melvyn Goldstein, and published by the Center for Research on Tibet, Department of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
-  male (gender)
Form
sound recording
Extent
15 text files.
15 digital audio files.
Part 1: 53 min 28 s
Part 2: 52 min 18 s
Part 3: 45 min 6 s
Part 4: 94 min 56 s
Part 5: 7 min 46 s
Part 6: 27 min 2 s
Part 7: 95 min 33 s
Part 8: 16 min 24 s
Part 9: 95 min 7 s
Part 10: 16 min 53 s
Part 11: 86 min 8 s
Part 12: 57 min 10 s
Part 13: 78 min 25 s
Part 14: 47 min 49 s
Part 15: 47 min 32 s
Language
Tibetan
Online Format
audio
online text
pdf
Description
Part 1: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the situation that ensued when the main Chinese representative, Zhang Jingwu, came to Tibet and met with the two Sitsab. He talks about the requests the Chinese made and the reactions of the Tibetan officials to Chinese requests such as putting a Chinese flag on the Potala and on the Tibetan military headquarters. Additionally, he discusses aspects of the rise of the Tibetan People's Association in Tibet. Part 2: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he talks about the key players and the policy of the Chinese in the early 1950s. He also discusses how the Communist Chinese treated the Guomindang Chinese who were hiding in Tibet, how Jenkhentsisum had contacts with Phala, as well as the time when the Dalai Lama went to India in 1956. Part 3: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses in detail the political events and conflicts that occurred in the late 1950s, especially those brought about by the 17-Point Agreement. He also describes how, in his view, the Chinese failed to abide by the Agreement. He also talks about the time when the Dalai Lama was invited to attend a show in the main Chinese military headquarters in 1959. Part 4: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the internal structure of Tibetan politics and its bureaucracy, as well as the revolt in Kham in the 1950s. He also discusses the start of the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region and how county administrative committees were set up. He talks about the rise of the People's Association, the offering of the golden throne to the Dalai Lama and about aspects of Chushigandru. Additionally, he discusses responses to the accusation that the Dalai Lama was inciting people to revolt and the role of Jenkhentsisum in Kalimpong. Part 5: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s, including the Dalai Lama's escape to India and the Dalai Lama's meeting and discussions with Zhou Enlai in 1956 in India regarding democratic reforms in Tibet. Additionally, he discusses the fighting at Norbulinga in March 1959. Part 6: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses in detail the Lhasa uprising and the fighting in Norbulinga in 1959. He describes the injuries men sustained and how the Buddhist faith was used during the fighting. He also discusses how the senriy lottery process was used to determine whether or not to stay in Norbulinga and continue fighting the Chinese. Part 7: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government. In this interview, he discusses, in detail, the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. He also discusses the public attitude toward the political events and describes how people sacrificed their lives for their political views and the common good. He also discusses how five men came together to steal important documents and the effects it had on their lives. Additionally, he describes how the people came together as a demonstration in 1959 in order to stop the Dalai Lama from meeting with the Chinese at their military headquarters, as well as how the Emergency Command Center was started. Part 8: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the use of arms against the Chinese by Khambas and Tibetans in Lhasa in 1959. He talks about the distribution of weapons among the people and discusses the speech that Ta Lama made about fighting the Chinese. He then discusses the meeting in the Shöl Pargang, and the meeting called to subdue the Khambas and to calm the anger of the Chinese. Part 9: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the 17-Point Agreement and early negotiations between China and Tibet. He talks about the political maneuvering of the Panchen Lama and the Dalai Lama, specifically at the Potala Palace. Finally, he details the inflation that occurred after the arrival of the Chinese. Part 10: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses Chinese farming, trading, and the Tibetan government's shortcomings on education and political awareness. He describes the quality and quantity of the vegetables grown by the Chinese, as well as the land it grew upon. He then describes the reluctance of the people to sell to the Chinese and the increase in prices. Finally, he discusses how in the late 1950s, politics effected trading between the Chinese and the people of India. Part 11: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government and discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses Chushigandru, as well as the political maneuverings before the arrival of the Chinese. He talks about the cadre training school and the relationship between the Dalai Lama and his advisers, as well as their dispute over whether or not the Dalai Lama should stay in India (in 1957) or return to Tibet. Part 12: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the arrival of the Chinese at Drowaganag and the peace talks he heard of in Lhasa. He then mentions the lack of support from the U.S., India and from England, concerning the sending of arms. Additionally, he discusses the planning and negotiations of the 17-Point Agreement, and its effect on the Dalai Lama. Part 13: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government and discusses, in detail, the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the rumors and political events regarding the People's Association that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. He talks about the monk militia, the multiple meetings between the two Sitsabs and the Chinese, and the supposed 400,000 "signatures" of the supporters of the People’s Association. Finally, he discusses the arrival of the Chinese and how their behavior changed throughout the 1950s. Part 14: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan Government and discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the political and armed conflicts that occurred in Lhasa, and briefly discusses the Dalai Lama’s stay in Yadong and the effects that his traveling had on the people. He also discusses the acceptance of the 17-Point Agreement and the announcement made by the Chinese regarding its acceptance. He then describes the arrival of the Chinese soldiers in Lhasa and the wearing of the Chinese uniform by Tibetan soldiers. Part 15: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government and discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses in detail the political reforms of the Chinese and the delay in implementing them in order to appease the people of Tibet. He also discusses the Chinese attitude towards the Dalai Lama and the treatment and attitudes of the people pertaining to the Dalai Lama's visit to India. sound recording | 15 text files. | 15 digital audio files. | Part 1: 53 min 28 s | Part 2: 52 min 18 s | Part 3: 45 min 6 s | Part 4: 94 min 56 s | Part 5: 7 min 46 s | Part 6: 27 min 2 s | Part 7: 95 min 33 s | Part 8: 16 min 24 s | Part 9: 95 min 7 s | Part 10: 16 min 53 s | Part 11: 86 min 8 s | Part 12: 57 min 10 s | Part 13: 78 min 25 s | Part 14: 47 min 49 s | Part 15: 47 min 32 s | India (Place Of Recording). The interview was conducted and recorded in Tibetan and translated into English. (Contents). Interview in Tibetan. This document is part of the Political History Collection of the Tibetan Oral History and Archive Project, edited by Melvyn Goldstein, and published by the Center for Research on Tibet, Department of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. male (Gender). Sound Recording (Form).
Additional Metadata Formats
METSXML Record

Rights & Access

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You are responsible for deciding whether your use of the items in this collection is legal. You are also responsible for securing any permissions needed to use the items. You may contact the rightsholder, Melvyn Goldstein, at Dept of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve Univ, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, mcg2@case.edu. You will need written permission from the copyright owners for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by the license, fair use or other statutory exemptions. Some content may be protected under international law. You may also need permission from holders of other rights, such as publicity and/or privacy rights.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Paljor Tsarong, Melvyn Goldstein, and Drakten Tib. Grags Bstan. Interview H: with Drakten Tib. grags bstan, India, October 1992. Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, 1992. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/tohap.H0001/.

APA citation style:

Paljor Tsarong, Goldstein, M. & Drakten Tib. Grags Bstan. (1992) Interview H: with Drakten Tib. grags bstan, India, October 1992. Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/tohap.H0001/.

MLA citation style:

Paljor Tsarong, Melvyn Goldstein, and Drakten Tib. Grags Bstan. Interview H: with Drakten Tib. grags bstan, India, October 1992. Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, 1992. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/tohap.H0001/>.

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