Photo, Print, Drawing Kenmore, 1201 Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA
About this Item
- Kenmore, 1201 Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA
- Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
- Lewis, Fielding
- Price, Virginia B, transmitter
Created / Published
- Documentation compiled after 1933
- - plantations
- - brick buildings
- - outbuildings
- - plasterwork
- - paneling
- - paneled doors
- - people associated with politics & government
- - Colonial architectural elements
- - porches
- - sash windows
- - historic house museums
- - Virginia -- Fredericksburg -- Fredericksburg
- - Significance: Kenmore was built as a plantation house by Fielding Lewis and his wife, Betty Washington Lewis, soon after they acquired the property in 1752. The original 863-acre plantation extended to the west of the thriving Tidewater port of Fredericksburg, Virginia, on the Rappahannock River. Kenmore is best known for its elaborate plasterwork ceilings, reputed to be the finest of their kind in America. The geometric floral designs were derived in part from Batty Langley's City and Country Builder's and Workman's Treasury of Designs (London, 1756). The "Stucco Man" who plastered Kenmore's ceilings also designed ceilings at Mount Vernon, the home of Betty Lewis' brother, George Washington. The symmetrical Georgian design of Kenmore is characterized by two five-bay brick facades, a half-hipped roof, end chimneys, and a modillion cornice. The river entry is distinguished by a finely executed one-story portico supported by aquia sandstone columns of the Tuscan order. Thomas T. Waterman speculates that Kenmore was designed by architect John Ariss in The Mansions of Virginia, 1703-1776 (Chapel Hill, 1946). Although little documentary evidence has been found to substantiate his claim. Although Colonel Lewis' primary business was raising grain, tobacco and flax, he helped establish the Fredericksburg gunnery for the Continental Armies in 1775. Lewis descendants sold Kenmore in 1797. During the first half of the nineteenth century, Kenmore was owned by the Samuel Gordon family, who named the house after their ancestral home in Scotland, "Kenmuir." The William K. Howard family lived in Kenmore from 1881 until 1914 and restored the plaster ceilings to their original condition. In 1922, Kenmore was acquired by the newly formed Kenmore Association. The mansion and gardens were restored, flanking dependencies were reconstructed on their original sites, and the house was furnished. Now a National Historic Landmark, Kenmore is open to the public as a house museum under the direction of the Association.
- - Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-319
- - Survey number: HABS VA-305
- - Building/structure dates: 1752 Initial Construction
- - National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 69000325
- Photo(s): 63
- Color Transparencies: 5
- Measured Drawing(s): 19
- Data Page(s): 7
- Photo Caption Page(s): 5
Call Number/Physical Location
- HABS VA,89-FRED,1-
- Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
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- Call Number: HABS VA,89-FRED,1-
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, and Fielding Lewis. Kenmore,Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA. Fredericksburg Virginia, 1933. translateds by Price, Virginia Bmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/va1073/.
APA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, C. & Lewis, F. (1933) Kenmore,Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA. Fredericksburg Virginia, 1933. Price, V. B., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/va1073/.
MLA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, and Fielding Lewis. Kenmore,Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA. trans by Price, Virginia Bmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/va1073/>.