Photo, Print, Drawing Harry W. Gray House, 1005 South Quinn Street, Arlington, Arlington County, VA
About this Item
- Harry W. Gray House, 1005 South Quinn Street, Arlington, Arlington County, VA
- Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
- Gray, Harry W
- Arlington House
- Price, Virginia B, transmitter
Created / Published
- Documentation compiled after 1933
- - Italianate architectural elements
- - row houses
- - 2 stories
- - brick foundations
- - porches
- - shed roofs
- - dwellings
- - domestic life
- - African Americans
- - Virginia -- Arlington County -- Arlington
Latitude / Longitude
- - Significance: The house was built by Harry W. Gray (ca. 1851-1913), a former slave on General Robert E. Lee's Arlington House estate. Constructed in 1881 in the fashionable Italianate style, the dwelling represents the monumental shift from slaves to freedmen for African Americans in the years following the Civil War. Gray and his family, also slaves at Arlington House, established themselves at the government-sponsored Freedmen's Village on the Arlington House property and the associated rural Arlington Tract, while assimilating into their newfound societal roles. In 1881, Gray and his wife, a freed slave from James Madison's Montpelier plantation, purchased a nine-acre tract in Johnson's Hill just to the south of the Freedmen's Village. Incorporating masonry skills learned at Arlington House and at the local brickyards, coupled with an appreciation of the mid-to-late nineteenth-century architecture he saw in Washington, DC, while working for the U.S. Patent Office, Harry W. Gray constructed a rare example of the brick rowhouse in Arlington County. The property remained in the Gray family for almost one hundred years and has remained a single-family dwelling. The house retains sufficient integrity of design, workmanship, materials, location, and feeling despite the tremendous mid-to-late twentieth-century growth in the county. The house is recognized for its association with the settlement patterns of African Americans following the Civil War and for its architectural merit, reflecting a fashionable mid-to-late nineteenth-century urban design that was rare in rural Arlington County at the time it was built. (Summary from NRHP, sec. 8, pg. 5)
- - Survey number: HABS VA-1434
- - Building/structure dates: 1881 Initial Construction
- - Building/structure dates: 1979 Subsequent Work
- - National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 04000051
- Photo(s): 2
- Data Page(s): 5
- Photo Caption Page(s): 1
Call Number/Physical Location
- HABS VA-1434
- Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
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- Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
- Reproduction Number: ---
- Call Number: HABS VA-1434
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Harry W Gray, Arlington House, and Montpelier. Harry W. Gray House,South Quinn Street, Arlington, Arlington County, VA. Arlington Virginia Arlington County, 1933. translateds by Price, Virginia Bmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/va2100/.
APA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Gray, H. W., Arlington House & Montpelier. (1933) Harry W. Gray House,South Quinn Street, Arlington, Arlington County, VA. Arlington Virginia Arlington County, 1933. Price, V. B., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/va2100/.
MLA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al. Harry W. Gray House,South Quinn Street, Arlington, Arlington County, VA. trans by Price, Virginia Bmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/va2100/>.