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Photo, Print, Drawing Jefferson's Academical Village, Bounded by University Avenue on the north, Jefferson Park Avenue on the south, Hospital Drive on the east, and McCormick Road on the west, Charlottesville, Charlottesville (Independent City), VA

[ Drawings from Survey HALS VA-63  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HALS VA-63  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Jefferson's Academical Village, Bounded by University Avenue on the north, Jefferson Park Avenue on the south, Hospital Drive on the east, and McCormick Road on the west, Charlottesville, Charlottesville (Independent City), VA

Names

  • Historic American Landscapes Survey, creator
  • Jefferson, Thomas
  • Monroe, James
  • Cocke, John H.
  • Cabell, Joseph C.
  • Perry, John M.
  • Maverick, Peter
  • Neilson, John
  • Garth, Jesse
  • Bacon, Edmund
  • University of Virginia
  • Commonwealth of Virginia
  • Broadhead, Achilles
  • Pratt, William Abbott
  • Ellet, Charles
  • Prentis, Robert R.
  • Johnson, John E.
  • Peyton, Green
  • Manning, Warren
  • McKim, Mead & White
  • Bowditch, Ernest W.
  • Alderman, Edwin A.
  • Lambeth, William
  • Campbell, J. K.
  • Echols, William H.
  • Robertson, Robert
  • Carter, Thomas H.
  • Newcomb, John L.
  • Chandler, Charles H.
  • Hartman, Frank E.
  • Campbell, Samuel
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • UNESCO World Heritage List
  • Stevens, Christopher M., transmitter
  • Heritage Landscapes LLC, contractor
  • O'Donnell, Patricia M., historian
  • Viteretto, Peter, historian
  • De Vries, Gregory Wade, historian
  • Helmkamp, Thomas, historian
  • Graulty, Sarah L., historian
  • McCoy, Laura, project assistant
  • Rivanna Archaeological Services, LLC, consultant
  • Ford, Benjamin, consultant
  • Thompson, Steven, consultant
  • Heritage Landscapes LLC, delineator
  • Trahan, Rachelle, researcher
  • Brummett, Sarah, researcher
  • Burgess, Nathan, researcher
  • Spiess, John, researcher
  • Hughes, Mary Y., field team supervisor
  • Turner, Megan N., editor
  • McPartland, Mary, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 2000

Headings

  • -  colleges
  • -  Founding Fathers
  • -  campus
  • -  quadrangles (courtyards)
  • -  brick walls
  • -  alleys
  • -  service roads
  • -  roads
  • -  colonnades
  • -  colonial revival
  • -  Federal architectural elements
  • -  Classical Revival architectural elements
  • -  gardens
  • -  garden walls
  • -  formal gardens
  • -  kitchen gardens
  • -  boxwood gardens
  • -  garden clubs
  • -  arcades (architectural components)
  • -  lawns
  • -  education
  • -  educational facilities
  • -  amphitheaters
  • -  canopy trees
  • -  locust trees
  • -  dormitories
  • -  classrooms
  • -  churches
  • -  trails & paths
  • -  walkways
  • -  brick buildings
  • -  capitals (columns)
  • -  columns
  • -  stonework (marble)
  • -  state government
  • -  Virginia--Charlottesville (Independent City)--Charlottesville

Latitude / Longitude

  • 38.035242,-78.503606

Notes

  • -  Significance: The layout of the neo-classical Academical Village composed of landscape and buildings reflects Jefferson's study of classical works, contemporary European examples of architecture and design and concepts of an ideal educational setting. The historical significance of the University of Virginia is recognized by incorporation on national registers. The campus was listed in the US National Register of Historic Places in 1965 and designated a National Historic Landmark (NHL) Historic District in November 1971. The period of historical significance for the landscape of the Academical Village begins with the 1817 initial development of the campus, through 199 years. The core historic campus continues to serve as an educational vessel. Evolving since its founding, the Academical Village is a functioning component of the active University. Notably, the existing landscape of the Academical Village demonstrates a high degree of continuity from its early nineteenth-century beginnings. In particular, the original framework of the central Lawn, gardens, alleys, streets and walls, remains legible, providing a sense of history and distinctive character to the campus. The overall retention of this historic designed landscape is remarkable, despite considerable additions and alterations to its character and features over nearly two centuries. The historic campus of the Academical Village was designed with the clear purpose of providing a classically inspired and innovatively functional setting for higher education. This purpose and the landscape that serves it have endured and evolved from the early nineteenth century to today and will continue to evolve as a living University landscape. The Academical Village is listed nationally as having historic significance relevant to all four recognized criteria. The landscape has served as witness and location for many important events in United States history and thereby association with both events and lives of persons of note. First, the Academical Village is associated with the promotion and development of a novel form of university design in which students and faculty dwell in a campus where the landscape and architecture were designed as educational components. Second, the landscape is associated with the lives of significant people including founder and former President Thomas Jefferson, national literary giants like Edger Allen Poe, as well as many notable landscape architects, architects, and engineers. Third, the landscape represents the iconic work of a recognized master designer, Thomas Jefferson, in the American vernacular interpretation of European neo-classical style. Fourth, the long history of the Academical Village renders the campus likely to yield archaeological data from numerous historic eras embedded in landscape strata. Overall the cultural landscape of Academical Village supports each criterion.
  • -  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N155
  • -  Survey number: HALS VA-63
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1817 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1817-2017 Subsequent Work
  • -  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 70000865

Medium

  • Measured Drawing(s): 20
  • Data Page(s): 463

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HALS VA-63

Source Collection

  • Historic American Landscapes Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

Control Number

  • va2269

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

Format

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Location

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  • Call Number: HALS VA-63
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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Landscapes Survey, Creator, Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, John H Cocke, Joseph C Cabell, John M Perry, Peter Maverick, et al. Jefferson's Academical Village, Bounded by University Avenue on the north, Jefferson Park Avenue on the south, Hospital Drive on the east, and McCormick Road on the west, Charlottesville, Charlottesville Independent City, VA. Virginia Charlottesville Independent City, 2000. editeds by Turner, Megan N.Itor, translateds by Stevens, Christopher M.Mitter, and Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/va2269/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Landscapes Survey, C., Jefferson, T., Monroe, J., Cocke, J. H., Cabell, J. C., Perry, J. M. [...] Hughes, M. Y., Turner, M. N. I., ed. (2000) Jefferson's Academical Village, Bounded by University Avenue on the north, Jefferson Park Avenue on the south, Hospital Drive on the east, and McCormick Road on the west, Charlottesville, Charlottesville Independent City, VA. Virginia Charlottesville Independent City, 2000. Stevens, C. M. M. & McPartland, M., transs Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/va2269/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Landscapes Survey, Creator, et al. Jefferson's Academical Village, Bounded by University Avenue on the north, Jefferson Park Avenue on the south, Hospital Drive on the east, and McCormick Road on the west, Charlottesville, Charlottesville Independent City, VA. ed by Turner, Megan N.Itor, trans by Stevens, Christopher M.Mitter, and Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/va2269/>.