Photo, Print, Drawing Robbins & Lawrence Armory, 196 Main Street, Windsor, Windsor County, VT

[ Photos from Survey HAER VT-39  ]

More Resources

[ Drawings from Survey HAER VT-39  ]
[ Data Pages from Survey HAER VT-39  ]
[ Photo Captions from Survey HAER VT-39  ]

About this Item

Title
Robbins & Lawrence Armory, 196 Main Street, Windsor, Windsor County, VT
Contributor Names
Historic American Engineering Record, creator
Robbins & Lawrence Company
Windsor Manufacturing Company
Jones, Lamson & Company
Windsor Electric Light Company
Central Vermont Public Service Company
American Precision Museum
Robbins, Samuel E.
Lawrence, Ricard S.
Kendall, Nicanor
Battison, Edwin A.
Marston, Christopher H, project manager
Johnson, John P, historian
Lawless, Ann, sponsor
Carpenito, Jessica, delineator
Osorio, German, delineator
Sardadi, Arvi, delineator
Wickham, Russell C, delineator
Gorohkov, Pavel, delineator
Lowe, Jet, photographer
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1968
Subject Headings
-  waterwheels
-  water power
-  gears
-  belt-driven machinery
-  armories
-  factories
-  factory windows
-  wood decking
-  wood roof trusses
-  industrial museums
-  American System of Manufacturing
-  Vermont -- Windsor County -- Windsor
Latitude / Longitude
43.47484,-72.389275
Notes
-  Significance: The period of significance for the private Armory is 1846-1856. The factory was constructed in 1846 and was the site of innovation and invention in the manufacture of firearms and machine tools under the ownership of Samuel Robbins and Richard Lawrence until the company bankruptcy in 1856. The Armory is significant in the areas of architecture, engineering and industry. The architecture is an excellent example of antebellum New England multi-story, brick, factory design that incorporated fire-resistant construction techniques, as well as a decorative cupola and rifle weathervane. The engineering is a good example of the design of a mid-century waterpower system, with a breast-type waterwheel, that was typical for mill seats in New England prior to the introduction of stationary steam engines. The Armory was a pioneer in the development of interchangeable parts for the manufacture of firearms for the federal government. The in situ remains of the waterwheel pit, millwork and headrace are a case study of a waterpower system of a mid-nineteenth century factory in New England. Documentary research and archeological evidence from this industrial site adds to our understanding of similar factories and waterpower systems constructed at this time.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N1151
-  Survey number: HAER VT-39
-  Building/structure dates: 1846-1856 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1865-1870 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1870-1886 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1902- ca. 1935 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: ca. 1935- 1966 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1966 Initial Construction
Medium
Photo(s): 20
Measured Drawing(s): 12
Data Page(s): 48
Photo Caption Page(s): 2
Call Number/Physical Location
HAER VT-39
Source Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
vt0163
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Language
English
Online Format
image
pdf
Description
Photo(s): 20 | Measured Drawing(s): 12 | Data Page(s): 48 | Photo Caption Page(s): 2

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, Robbins & Lawrence Company, Windsor Manufacturing Company, Lamson & Company Jones, Windsor Electric Light Company, Central Vermont Public Service Company, American Precision Museum, et al., Lowe, Jet, photographer. Robbins & Lawrence Armory, 196 Main Street, Windsor, Windsor County, VT. Vermont Windsor Windsor County, 1968. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/vt0163/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, C., Robbins & Lawrence Company, Windsor Manufacturing Company, Jones, L. &. C., Windsor Electric Light Company, Central Vermont Public Service Company [...] Gorohkov, P., Lowe, J., photographer. (1968) Robbins & Lawrence Armory, 196 Main Street, Windsor, Windsor County, VT. Vermont Windsor Windsor County, 1968. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/vt0163/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, et al., photographer by Lowe, Jet. Robbins & Lawrence Armory, 196 Main Street, Windsor, Windsor County, VT. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/vt0163/>.

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