Law Library Reading Room

This page includes lists of the preferred terms for indexing the Law Library of Congress web publications. Links are pre-populated search results and will be revised as terms are updated and additional material is published on the website.

Topics

Agriculture and Food

Animals

Animals

Animal diseases
Animal protection
Service animals
Veterinary medicine
Wildlife {scope note: includes tracking, trafficking, poaching, and refuges}

Arts and Culture

Arts and Culture {scope note: See “Intellectual Property” for copyright-related matters.}

Archives
Attire
Cultural heritage
Libraries
Museums
Religious buildings
Statues and monuments
Television and film

Commerce

Communications

Corporations and Associations

Crime and Law Enforcement

Economics and Public Finance

Education

Elections and Politics

Emergency Management

Energy

Environment

Families

Finance and Financial Sector

Foreign Trade and International Finance

Government

Government {scope note: Includes all forms of government}

Advisory bodies
Census
Church and state relations {scope note: “Church” means all forms of religious institutions.}
Government documents {scope note: Refers to such government documents as civil status registers, identity cards, and government work products, including e-docs.}
Eminent domain
Executive agencies
Executive powers
Government ethics and transparency
Government property {scope note: includes government-owned buildings}
Impeachment
Licensing and registration or licensing and permits or licenses
National holidays
National symbols
Officials and employees
Police powers
Postal service
Public contracts and procurement
Public lands or Public buildings or Public land
Public-private cooperation
Separation of powers
State and local government or State and local governments
Statues and monuments                                       
Territories and protectorates

Health

Housing and Community Development

Human Rights and Civil Liberties

Human Rights and Civil Liberties formerly Civil Rights and Liberties and Human rights or Civil rights

Children’s rights
Civil disobedience
Detention
Discrimination
Due process
Equal protection
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of information
Freedom of religion
Freedom of speech
Freedom of the press
Internally displaced persons
Language  or languages
LGBT rights {scope note: Refers to laws that protect the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals. Term should also be applied to individuals who identify themselves as queer, questioning, or inter-sex.}
Minority rights
Patients’ rights {scope note: includes right to refuse medical treatment; HIPAA; DNR; informed consent, and similar concepts}
People with disabilities
Pornography
Prisoners’ rights
Property rights
Protest and dissent
Racial and ethnic relations
Religious minorities
Right of privacy
Slavery {scope note: includes indentured servitude}
Torture
Voting rights
Women’s rights

Immigration

Insurance

Insurance {scope note: See “Health” for health-related insurance topics.}

Agricultural insurance
Auto insurance
Homeowners’ insurance
Life insurance

Intellectal Property

Intellectual Property

Copyright
Cultural heritage {scope note: Refers to cultural heritage as it relates to claims of IP rights.}
Data protection
Orphan works
Patents
Trade secrets
Trademarks

International Affairs

International Affairs {scope note: Focuses on general policy and political issues while “Treaties and International Agreements” focuses on specific treaties/agreements.}

Arms control and nonproliferation
Crimes against humanity  
Diplomatic and consular relations
Diplomatic immunity
Foreign aid
Genocide
International exchanges {scope note: Refers to cultural/foreign service exchanges.}
International organizations {scope note: United Nations, NATO, etc., but not NGOs—NGOs covered in “Corporations and Associations.”}
International scientific cooperation
Law of the sea
Military alliances or Military alliance
Peace
Sanctions
Sovereignty
Treaties and international agreements
War
War crimes
Zones of occupation

Judiciary

Labor

Law

Law {scope note: This section focuses on terms related to non-criminal actions and the legal profession.  See “Crime and Law Enforcement” for all criminal matters and “Legal Systems” for specific legal systems.}

Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Administrative remedies
Agency
Alternative dispute resolution
Attorneys’ fees
Civil actions
Civil code
Civil liability
Civil procedure
Common law
Constitutional law or Constitution
Contracts
Conflicts of law
Criminal code or Criminal law
Equity
Discovery and evidence or Evidence{scope note: includes e-discovery and documents}
Jurisdiction and venue {scope note: “Venue” is a common law concept that focuses on the most proper and convenient geographic location for a court proceeding, which the parties may in some cases dispute or waive.  In common law countries it is distinct from personal and subject-matter “jurisdiction,” both of which describe the scope of a court’s power.}
Inheritance and succession
Lawyers and legal services
Legal ethics
Legal remedies or Remedies
Legal training
Military law
Personal status law
Powers of attorney
Property
Sovereign immunity
Torts
Trials and court proceedings
Trusts and estates
Witnesses

Legal Systems

Legislative Bodies

Maps and Mapping

Maps and Mapping  {scope note: This term includes atlases, globes, and all “map-like” diagrams. } or Maps and Mapmaking
Boundaries {scope note: includes all land, sea, and water boundaries, domestic and international}

Maritime and Admiralty Law

National Security

Native peoples

Natural Resources

Plants

Science and Technology

Social Welfare

Social Welfare

Charity {scope note:  includes charitable organizations and donations}
National and community service {scope note: Note that “national service” is called “civil service” in some countries and refers to alternatives to military service.}
Poverty and welfare assistance
Social security
Social work
Unemployment benefits

Sports and Recreation

Standards

State of Emergency

Taxation

Transportation and Public Works

Transportation and Public Works  or Transportation and Public works
Aviation and airports or Aircraft
Bicycling
Bridges and tunnels
Commuting
Dams and canals
Floods and storm protection
Harbors
Infrastructure development
Licensing and permits
Inland water transportation {See also Maritime and Admiralty Law} Formerly Marine and inland water transportation
Motor carriers {scope note: Refers to those in the commercial business of transporting passengers or freight on highways, e.g., passenger buses, trucking businesses, etc.}
Motor vehicles {scope note: includes "Segways”}
Navigation {scope note: includes land, sea, and air navigation} and Navigational aids
Pedestrians
Public transit
Railroads
Roads and highways
Ships and boats
Traffic {scope: not to be used for trafficking of goods or persons}
Transportation costs
Transportation safety and security
Waste management

Treaties and International Agreements

Veterans

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Jurisdictions

Links below do not currently include links to U.S. Treaties or individual U.S. Statutes at Large.

Regions

Individual Jurisdictions (A-G)

Afghanistan
African Union (A.U.)
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (British Overseas Territory)
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Arab League
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (A.S.E.A.N.)
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (A.P.E.C.)
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bonaire
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Antarctic Territory (British Overseas Territory)
British Indian Ocean Territory (British Overseas Territory)
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burma
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cabo Verde
Cayman Islands (British Overseas Territory)
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Kinshasa)
(Note: Zaire in use from Oct. 27, 1971 - May 17, 1997 and Congo)
Congo, Republic of the (Brazzaville)
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire (use "Ivory Coast" instead)
Council of Europe
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
East African Community (E.A.C.)
East Timor
Economic Community of West African States
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
England
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
European Court of Human Rights
European Court of Justice (and Court of Justice)
European Parliament
European Union
Falkland Islands (British Overseas Territory)
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Oceania
Gabon
Gambia
Gaza Strip
Georgia (Republic) (Please note: this search pulls terms from both the Republic of Georgia and the state of Georgia. We are working to disambiguate this term.)
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory)
Great Britain {includes England, Scotland, Wales}
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guernsey (British Crown Dependency)
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Gulf Cooperation Council (The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf)
Guyana

Individual Jurisdictions (H-P)

Haiti
Holy See (use "Vatican City" instead)
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indian Ocean Commission
Indonesia
Inter-American Development Bank
International Atomic Energy Agency
International Commission of Jurists
International Court of Justice (I.C.J.)
International Criminal Court (I.C.C)
International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (I.C.T.F.Y.)
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (I.C.T.R.)
International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)
International Maritime Organization (I.M.O.)
International Monetary Fund (I.M.F.)
International Organization of Securities Commissions (I.O.S.C.O.)
Inter-Parliamentary Union (I.P.U.)
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man (British Crown Dependency)
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jersey (British Crown Dependency)
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan (formerly Kyryz Republic)
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
MERCOSUR
Mexico
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat (British Overseas Territory)
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar (use "Burma" instead)
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Ireland
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (O.E.C.D.)
Organization of American States (O.A.S.)
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (O.P.E.C.)
Overseas Private Investment Corporation (O.P.I.C.)
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Panama Canal
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Permanent Court of Arbitration
Peru
Philippines
Pitcairn Islands (British Overseas Territory)
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico

Individual Jurisdictions (Q-Z)

Qatar
Romania
Russia {use instead of Russian Federation}
Rwanda
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha (British Overseas Territory)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe
Saudi Arabia
Scotland  
Senegal  
Serbia
Seychelles
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (S.C.O.)
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia (formerly Slovak Republic)
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Southern Africa Development Community (S.A.D.C.)
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (British Overseas Territory)
South Korea
South Sudan
Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.)
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand (formerly Siam)
Tibet
Timor-Leste (use "East Timor" instead)
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands (British Overseas Territory)
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.)
United Nations Human Rights Council
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (U.N.E.S.C.O.)
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom {includes England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland}
United Nations (U.N.)
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican City
Venezuela
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (British Overseas Territory or U.S. territory)
Wales
West Bank
Western Sahara
World Bank
World Health Organization (W.H.O.)
World Intellectual Property Organization (W.I.P.O.)
World Trade Organization (W.T.O.)
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

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Other Keywords

Terms below include frequently used terms that have not made the official list above.

Keywords

Federal courts
Privatization
Military rank and promotion
Orphans
Heirs
Widows
Land patents
Environmental protection
Lighthouses
Death and dying
Navy
Army
Marine Corps
Surveyors and surveying
Goods and services
Mail routes and transit
Ports
Arbitration
Homestead
Land grants
Custom duties
Ports and subports
Forts and fortifications
Rivers and waterways OR Rivers
Bodies of water
Salary and compensation
Military service
Law and legislation
Publications
Nonimmigrants
Children
Armories and arsenals
Widows and widowers
Land titles
Land offices
Bonds
Economic policy
Indians of North America
Steamships
Older people
Water law
Ports and harbors
Religion
Clerks
Pre-emption rights
Advisory mission
Barracks
Right of way
Restitution and compensation
Military construction operations
Military academy
Embargo
Government, law
Foreign relations
Research
Trials, Litigation, Etc.
Naval academy
Military assistance, American
Claims
Confiscation
Enlisted men
International relations
Salaries and compensation
Government policy
Oaths and affirmations
Economic conditions
Vessels
Quarantine
Irrigation
Munitions
Energy policy
Political science
Medical care
History: America
Pollution
Shipping
Corporate officers
Environmental law
Power resources
Professions
Antitrust law
Vaccinations
Valuation
Biography, History
Economic aspects
Defenses
Corrupt practices
Fuel
Politics and government
Postage
Lakes
Information technology
Duty
Mint
Travel restrictions
Fugitive slaves
Health crises
Public health crises management
Sanitary monitoring
Health emergencies
Management
Fees
Damages
Military bounties
Monarchy
Forced labor
Land
Air
Surveys and surveyors
Police officers
Economic assistance, domestic
Right to education

Places

Collections

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Last Updated: 02/01/2018