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Finland: Supreme Court Orders Dissolution of Neo-Nazi Association that Violates Human Rights

(Oct. 16, 2020) On September 22, 2020, the Finnish Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Nordiska Motståndsrörelsen (NMR) (Nordic Resistance Movement), an unregistered neo-Nazi association. The Supreme Court found that the association is unlawful because its activities and stated objectives violate law and good practice. It also found that the association’s activities are not protected […]

Norway: Election Law Committee Recommends Amendments to Constitution and to Election Law on Delaying Elections under Special Circumstances

(Sept. 11, 2020) On June 3, 2020, the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation (Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet, KMD) sent a proposal for a legislative consultation (høring) on amending both the Norwegian Constitution and Norway’s Election Act to allow the government to postpone general elections under extraordinary circumstances, such as a global pandemic. The proposal […]

Finland: Institute for Health and Welfare Launches COVID-19 Tracing App

(Sept. 9, 2020) On August 31, 2020, the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos, THL) launched a contact tracing app called Koronavilkuksi (“Corona Indicator”). The official launch came several weeks after a 12-day pilot program involving a few dozen persons in the Helsinki area concluded on August 16, 2020. The goal […]

Finland: Government Issues Recommendation on Wearing Face Masks in Public

(Sept. 1, 2020) On August 13, 2020, the Finnish government issued a resolution on recommendations for wearing face masks in public, echoing recommendations made earlier the same day by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare. In accordance with the new recommendations, people in the country should wear masks when they are in public transport […]

Denmark: Appeals Court Rules Coughing on and Screaming “Corona” at Police Officer Constitutes Threat of Violence

(Aug. 13, 2020) On June 2, 2020, a Danish appeals court, the Western High Court (Vestre Landsret), convicted a man for coughing on and screaming “corona” at a police officer, ruling that these actions when done together constituted a threat of violence under the Danish Criminal Code. (Vestre Landsret, Case No. V.L. S-0831-20, U.2020.2985-2899, June […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders International Baccalaureate to Explain Its Automated Use of Personal Data in Awarding Final Grades during Pandemic

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority (NDPA, Datatilsynet) issued a letter to the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) ordering it to explain its use of personal data, atomization, and historic prediction data in awarding final grades to Norwegian International Baccalaureate Diploma students during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The NDPA is […]

Sweden: Law Giving Municipalities Authority over Bars and Restaurants Not Complying with COVID-19 Measures Enters into Force

(July 16, 2020) On July 1, 2020, a new temporary law on measures to limit the spread of COVID-19 (Lagen om tillfälliga smittskyddsåtgärder på serveringsställen (SFS 2020:526)) entered into force in Sweden. The law provides municipalities with the power to supervise and fine restaurants and bars that do not comply with national and local health […]

Norway: Supreme Court Rules It Has Universal Jurisdiction over Foreigners’ Prior Terrorist Acts Abroad

(July 16, 2020) On June 26, 2020, the Norwegian Supreme Court ruled that Norwegian courts may exercise universal jurisdiction over crimes of terrorism and that foreigners may thus be sentenced in Norway for terrorism crimes they committed before arriving in the country. (Supreme Court Decision Case No. HR-2020-1340-A.) Facts of the Case The defendant, a […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Upholds Prior Prohibition on Collection of Data via COVID-19 App Smittestopp

(July 13, 2020) On July 6, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority issued a new prohibition on the collection of location data by the Norwegian National Health Authority (Folkehelseinstituttet, FHI) using the Norwegian COVID-19 contact tracing app, Smittestop. The decision comes after the Data Protection Authority evaluated the FHI’s response to the Data Protection Authority’s […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders National Health Authority to Stop Collecting User Data from COVID-19 App

(June 19, 2020) On June 15, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority announced that it had ordered the Norwegian National Health Authority (Folkehelseinstituttet, FHI) to stop collecting personal location data from its COVID-19 app, Smittestop. The Data Protection Authority had previously launched an investigation into the data collection associated with the app and asked the […]