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Colombia: Congress Passes Law Ratifying Inter-American Convention on the Protection of Human Rights of Older Persons

(Oct. 20, 2020) On September 10, 2020, Colombia’s Congress passed Law No. 2055 to ratify the Inter-American Convention on the Protection of Human Rights of Older Persons. The convention had been adopted at the General Assembly of the Organization of American States in Washington, DC, on June 15, 2015, and entered into force on January […]

Chile: Plebiscite on New Constitution Scheduled

(Sept. 22, 2020) On March 29, 2020, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera issued Decree 388, which calls for a national plebiscite on October 25, 2020, on whether Chilean citizens want a new constitution and through what mechanism. The repeal of the current constitution, which was enacted in 1980 during the Pinochet regime, emerged as one of […]

Ecuador: Humanitarian Support Law Enacted to Address COVID-19 Economic Emergency

(Sept. 21, 2020) The Organic Law on Humanitarian Support, enacted on June 22, 2020, declares COVID-19 an economic emergency in Ecuador and seeks to mitigate the health, economic, and social crises it has caused. The Law includes a provision on the termination of employment relationships due to unforeseeable circumstances or a force majeure. Other key […]

Peru: New Law Passed Imposing Criminal Penalties for Price Gouging and Hoarding of Essential Goods

(Sept. 14, 2020) On August 29, 2020, the Congress of Peru promulgated Law No. 31040 of August 28, 2020, which amends the Penal Code and the Code of Protection and Defense of the Consumer. The new law introduces the concept of essential goods and services for the life and health of people in order to […]

Argentina: Mobile Phone, Internet, and Cable TV Services Declared Public Services

(Sept. 4, 2020) On August 21, 2020, Argentina’s president, Alberto Fernández, issued a decree amending the country’s Information and Communication Technologies Law to declare cell phone, internet, and pay television services to be public services. (Decreto de Necesidad y Urgencia (Decree of Necessity and Urgency, DNU) 690/2020, Aug. 21, 2020; Ley de Tecnologías de la […]

Argentina: New Law on Telework Promulgated

(Aug. 24, 2020) On July 30, 2020, the Argentine Congress passed Law 27555 on the Teleworking Contracts Regime, which provides the legal framework for teleworking in employment settings that allow it. The new legislation, which will become effective 90 days after the national government declares the end of the country’s mandatory COVID-19 quarantine, was signed […]

Chile: New Constitutional Amendment Imposes Term Limits for Certain Public Officials

(July 29, 2020) On July 8, 2020, Law No. 21238, which amends the Chilean Political Constitution to establish limitations on the reelection of certain public officials, entered into force in Chile. The new law also provides that elections for deputies (members of the lower house of the national legislature) and senators are to be held […]

Uruguay: Ministry of Public Health Requires All Entering Country to Present Negative COVID-19 Test

(July 15, 2020) On July 6, 2020, Uruguay’s Ministry of Public Health (MPH) issued Ordinance 649/2020, requiring Uruguayan nationals and foreigners entering the country—whether by air, land, or sea—to prove they have tested negative for COVID-19 within the previous 72 hours. The ordinance also mandates that those who enter present an affidavit stating they have […]

Spain: Government Employees Authorized to Telework up to Four Days a Week

(June 25, 2020) An agreement was reached between the government employees’ unions and the Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public Administration (MTPPA) allowing government employees in Spain to telework four days a week and go to their offices only one day a week. The agreement entered into force on June 21, 2020, and will last until an […]

Colombia: COVID-19 Health Emergency Extended until July 1, 2020

(June 9, 2020) On May 28, 2020, the president of Colombia, Iván Duque Márquez, issued Decree No. 749 of May 28, 2020, extending the health emergency previously declared because of the COVID-19 pandemic and ordering a mandatory preventive quarantine regime to remain in effect from June 1, 2020, to July 1, 2020. To ensure the […]