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Australia/Croatia: Former Serbian Commander Indicted

(Jan. 15, 2016) On January 8, 2016, Croatian authorities indicted Dragan Vasiljkovic on charges that he committed war crimes. Vasiljkovic was a Serbian paramilitary commander during the 1991-1995 war in the former Yugoslavia by which Croatia gained its independence. He is accused of torturing and killing Croatian soldiers and police officers; of ordering the executions […]

Croatia: Legislation Gives Benefits to War-Time Rape Victims

(June 5, 2015) On May 29, 2015, by a vote of 86 to 3, the parliament of Croatia passed a law giving compensation to women and girls who were raped during the 1991-1995 war in which Croatia attained independence from the former Yugoslavia; the legislation will come into force in January 2016. (Taylor Gillan, Croatia […]

Croatia; International Court of Justice; Serbia: Judgment in a Case on the Application of the Convention on Genocide

(Feb. 6, 2015) On February 3, 2015, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, Netherlands, issued a judgment on whether Serbia had committed the crime of genocide against Croatians and whether Croatia had committed genocide against Serbs. (Press Release, No. 2015/4, International Court of Justice, Application of the Convention on the Prevention and […]

Croatia: Amendments to Law on Nonprofit Organizations Proposed

(Feb. 4, 2014) The Government of Croatia proposed a draft Law on Financial Operations and Accounting for Non-Profit Organizations on January 30, 2014. Among other provisions, the new Law would require non-profit organizations (NPOs) with annual revenue above HRK230,000 (about US$40,560) to register as new companies or other business entities. Rental and leasing activities are […]

Croatia: Constitutional Amendment Banning Gay Marriage Passed by Referendum

(Jan. 13, 2014) On December 1, 2013, a national referendum was held in Croatia on the inclusion in the country’s Constitution of the definition of marriage as a union between a woman and a man. About 65% of the voters supported the amendment and the proposed definition. Immediately after the referendum, a government spokesperson confirmed […]

Croatia; European Union: Enlargement

(July 8, 2013) On July 1, 2013, <?Croatia, a state belonging to the former Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia until 1992 and with a population of under five million, officially joined the European Union, becoming the EU's 28th Member State. Croatia had formally applied to join the EU in 2003. However, the EU postponed the opening […]

Croatia; European Union: European Parliament Approves EU Membership for Croatia

(Dec. 14, 2011) On December 1, 2011, the European Parliament adopted a resolution granting its consent to Croatian membership in the European Union, with 564 votes in favor, 38 against, and 32 abstentions. The accession treaty is expected to be signed by the heads of state and governments of the EU at the next meeting […]

Croatia: Convictions in War Crimes Trials

(Apr. 26, 2011) On April 15, 2011, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), a United Nations-sponsored war crimes tribunal based in The Hague, convicted two former high-level Croatian generals for crimes against humanity actions perpetrated during the conflict in the Balkans in the 1990s. Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markac were given long […]

Croatia: High Court Upholds War Crimes Conviction

(Aug. 5, 2010) On July 30, 2010, Croatia's Supreme Court upheld the conviction of Branimir Glavas on war crimes charges, but reduced his sentence from ten years of imprisonment to eight. Glavas, a former member of the Croatian Parliament, was convicted in 2009 of ordering the 1991 torture and execution of Croatian Serbs. The reason […]

Croatia: Personal Identification Numbers Issued

(June 2, 2008) On May 9, 2008, the Croatian Parliament adopted the Law on Personal Identification Numbers, under which personal identification numbers (PINs) will be introduced in Croatia for both individuals and businesses at the beginning of 2009. The numbers will be determined randomly, so that personal data cannot be identified. The PIN for new-born […]