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Italy: Parliamentary Investigation Commission Established to Review Protection of Minors in Care

(Sept. 18, 2020) Law No. 107 of July 29, 2020, a new law creating a Parliamentary Investigative Commission to investigate the activities of family-type communities providing care for minors, entered into effect in Italy on September 12, 2020. Mandate of the Commission The role of the Commission is to investigate the current situation of minors […]

Italy: New Law Including Measures on Home Detention or Postponement of Penalties due to COVID-19 Enters into Force

(July 27, 2020) On June 30, 2020, a new law containing a provision on the adjustment of penal sentences because of the COVID-19 pandemic and other miscellaneous provisions entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 70 of June 25, 2020, amending Decree Law No. 28 of April 30, 2020 (D.L. No. 28).) Measures on Home […]

Germany: New Act Makes Measles Vaccinations Mandatory

(Mar. 11, 2020) On March 1, 2020, the Measles Protection Act, which amends several laws, entered into force in Germany. The Act makes measles protection mandatory for children one year or older who attend daycare, school, or other community facilities, and for persons working in those facilities or in medical facilities. Furthermore, measles vaccinations will […]

Mexico: Supreme Court Declares Automatic Child Custody Provision Unconstitutional

(Dec. 18, 2019) On November 21, 2019, the First Chamber of the Supreme Court of Mexico declared unconstitutional a controversial provision of the Civil Code of Mexico City that gives mothers automatic preferential provisional custody of their children under 12 years of age in divorce proceedings. The Court determined that article 282(B)(II), third paragraph of […]

Germany: Regional Court Holds Foreign Adoption Decision Violated International Public Order

(Nov. 27, 2019) In a decision published on November 11, 2019, the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt did not recognize an adoption decision of the High Court of Sierra Leone because, in the Court’s opinion, the decision violated international public order. The Court held that both parents need to be present at a foreign adoption […]

Israel: Court Rejects Mother’s Request to Rename Child Against Father’s Will

(Nov. 8, 2019) On October 4, 2019, the Nazareth Family Court in Israel rejected a mother’s request to add an additional first name to her minor daughter’s name against the will of her father. The minor’s parents are divorced. (File No. 53030-09-17 C.S. v. Y.A. (decision by Deputy Court President Asaf Zaguri, Oct. 4, 2019, […]

Philippines: Law on Rectification of Simulated Birth Records Enacted

(Apr. 26, 2019) On March 14, 2019, the Philippine government announced in the Official Gazette the enactment of the Simulated Birth Rectification Act (Republic Act No. 11222), which grants amnesty to individuals who falsified civil registry records to make it appear in a child’s birth record that the child was born to a woman who […]

Finland: Finnish Parliament Revokes Underage Marriage Exception

(Mar. 12, 2019) On February 19, 2019, the Finnish Parliament adopted changes to its Marriage Act, revoking the exception that persons not yet 18 may marry with special prior approval from the Ministry of Justice. (Press Release, Eduskunta [Parliament], Marriage with Underage Individuals Prohibited (Feb. 20, 2019) (in Swedish), Parliament website.) The parliamentary press release […]

Russia: President Signs Law on Children’s Rights Commissioners

(Feb. 7, 2019) On December 27, 2018, the President of the Russian Federation signed the Law on Children’s Rights Commissioners. (Federal Law on Children’s Rights Commissioners, Dec. 27, 2018, N 501-FZ, Russian government’s Official Legal Information Portal (in Russian). The Law expanded the authority of the Children’s Rights Commissioner, a post created by a presidential […]