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United Nations: Joint Committee Call to End Harmful Practices Against Women and Children

(Nov. 13, 2014) On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states “to prevent, respond to and eliminate harmful practices, wherever and in whichever form they occur,” that affect “women and […]

Russia: HIV-Infected Individuals Cannot Adopt Children

(Nov. 6, 2014) On September 23, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation upheld the legality of the list of illnesses that prohibit individuals from adopting children, establishing guardianship, or forming a foster family. (Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Docket case AKPI 14-890 [in Russian], Supreme Court website (Sept. 23, 2014).) The List […]

Mexico: Senate Committees Approve Draft Legislation to Protect Children

(Oct. 6, 2014) Draft legislation to enhance legal protections of children by amending the General Law of the Rights of Children and Adolescents was approved unanimously on September 25, 2014, by six committees of the Federal Senate. The legislation was drafted by the Mexican Executive Branch under President Enrique Peña Nieto, but it was significantly […]

Italy: Prospective Legislation on the Election and Change of Names

(Oct. 6, 2014) The Italian Parliament is considering a bill that would amend the existing rules regarding the election of first and last names by Italian citizens. The current rules are contained in Regulations from November 2000. (Decree of the President of the Republic No. 54, of March 13, 2012, Regulations on the Amendments of […]

Afghanistan: Steps Toward Ending Use of Children in the Military

(Aug. 6, 2014) According to a United Nations report, Afghanistan has endorsed a 15-article “Road Map Toward Compliance” for protecting children from military recruitment. This step follows the January 30, 2011, agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N., which was a commitment to protect children affected by war and prevent their recruitment into the armed forces. […]

Pakistan: Sindh Provincial Assembly Passes Child Marriage Restraint Bill

(May 23, 2014) On April 29, 2014, the Provincial Assembly of Sindh passed Pakistan’s first law prohibiting child marriages. (Habib Khan Ghori, Sindh PA Passes Landmark Bill Prohibiting Child Marriages, DAWN.COM (Apr. 29, 2014).) The Sindh Child Marriage Restraint Act prohibits child marriages under section 3, which states: Whoever, being a male above eighteen years […]

Indonesia: Plan to Revise Law on Child Protection

(May 22, 2014) On May 14, 2014, Indonesia’s Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection Minister, Linda Amaliarai Gumelar, announced that the government will accelerate plans to revise the law on protection of children. The current law on child protection was adopted in 2002. (Govt to Revise Law on Child Protection, THE JAKARTA POST (May 14, 2014); […]

United Nations: Treaty Will Allow Children to File Rights Complaints

(Apr. 22, 2014) On April 14, 2014, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure came into force, three months after the date on which the tenth country, Costa Rica, deposited an instrument of ratification of the Protocol. (New Treaty Enables Children to Lodge Complaints with UN […]

Brazil: New Resolution Bans Advertising to Children Under Age 12

(Apr. 22, 2014) Brazil’s National Council of the Rights of the Child and the Adolescent (Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Criança e do Adolescente, or CONANDA) issued Resolution No. 163 on March 13, 2014, banning ads targeting children. The Resolution, which entered into force on the date of its publication in the country’s Official Gazette […]

Belgium: Euthanasia Option May Be Extended to Children

(Dec. 17, 2013) On December 12, 2013, the Belgian Senate voted to permit euthanasia in cases of children who are terminally ill. The proposal had been approved by a Senate committee on November 27. (Jaclyn Belczyk, Belgium Senate Votes to Extend Euthanasia Law to Terminally Ill Minors, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Dec. 13, 2013); Proposition de […]