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European Union: Court of Justice Invalidates U.S.-EU Privacy Shield

(Aug. 4, 2020) On July 16, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held that the Privacy Shield Adequacy Decision of the European Commission on personal data transfer from the European Union (EU) to the United States (U.S.) was invalid because the level of data protection in the U.S. was not essentially […]

Israel: Law for Compensation and Assistance to Passengers for Cancellation or Flight Changes Due to Covid-19 Adopted

(July 20, 2020) On July 13, 2020, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) adopted a temporary amendment that affects the consumer rights of air travelers whose flights were cancelled or changed during the period of March 1, 2020, to August 31, 2020, in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. (Aviation Services (Compensation and Assistance for Cancellation or Changing […]

Turkey: Parliament Updates Competition Law in Accordance with EU Rules

(July 9, 2020) On June 16, 2020, Turkey’s parliament passed a law amending the country’s Law on the Protection of Competition (LPC). The explanatory memorandum of the bill that became the amending law explains that the main purpose of the amendments is to reflect in Turkish law the developments that have occurred in European Union […]

Australia: WTO Appellate Body Rejects Appeal Regarding Plain Packaging of Tobacco

(June 18, 2020) On June 9, 2020, the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Appellate Body issued its reports on cases brought by Honduras and the Dominican Republic against Australia’s tobacco plain packaging requirements. (Australia — Certain Measures Concerning Trademarks, Geographical Indications and Other Plain Packaging Requirements Applicable to Tobacco Products and Packaging (DS435 and DS441).) The […]

Chile; New Zealand; Singapore: Digital Trade Agreement Signed

(June 17, 2020) On June 12, 2020, the governments of Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore signed the Digital Economy Partnership Agreement (DEPA) in an online ceremony, with e-signature tools utilized. Negotiations for the agreement were launched in May 2019 when the trade ministers of the three countries met and “discussed ways to maximize the contributions that […]

European Union: Commission Adopts Second Amendment to Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to Support Member States’ Economies during COVID-19 Outbreak

(June 3, 2020) On May 8, 2020, the European Commission adopted a second amendment to extend the scope of the Temporary Framework for State Aid Measures to include recapitalization measures and subordinated debt. The Temporary Framework was first adopted on March 19, 2020, allowing a variety of state aid measures otherwise incompatible with European Union […]

Italy: Supreme Court of Cassation Addresses Required Evidence in Corporate Shareholder Claims

(May 12, 2020) On February 19, 2020, the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation (SCC) clarified the evidence a corporate shareholder must present to prove a claim for repayment from the corporation. (Decision No. 4261 of February 19, 2020 (Decision).) Background of the Case The SCC reviewed a case submitted by the Appellate Court of Lecce, […]

Sweden: Administrative Court Upholds Prohibition on Sale of COVID-19 Test Kits

(May 8, 2020) On May 4, 2020, the Administrative Court of Uppsala ruled that sales of Zandcell AB’s COVID-19 test kits were prohibited in Sweden because the producer had not proven that the product met the legal requirements for medical devices under Swedish and European Union law. (Uppsala Administrative Court, Decision No. 240-20 (May 4, […]

Brazil: Justice Tribunal Validates Rio de Janeiro State Law Suspending Interruption of Essential Services During COVID-19 Pandemic

(Apr. 28, 2020) On April 11, 2020, the president of the Justice Tribunal of Rio de Janeiro, Justice Claudio de Mello Tavares, validated Rio de Janeiro State Law No. 8,769 of March 23, 2020 (Lei Estadual No. 8.769, de 23 de Março de 2020), which implements a series of measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. […]

Oman: New Foreign Capital Investment Law Comes into Force

(Apr. 13, 2020) On January 1, 2020, the Foreign Capital Investment Law came into force in the Sultanate of Oman. This law, which had been promulgated on July 1, 2019, with the issuance of Royal Decree No. 50/2019 by the Sultan of Oman, regulates direct foreign investment in the Sultanate with the aim of providing […]